Adult cancer survivorship care: experiences from the LIVESTRONG centers of excellence network

  • Marci K. CampbellEmail author
  • Irene Tessaro
  • Mindy Gellin
  • Carmina G. Valle
  • Shannon Golden
  • Leanne Kaye
  • Patricia A. Ganz
  • Mary S. McCabe
  • Linda A. Jacobs
  • Karen Syrjala
  • Barbara Anderson
  • Alison F. Jones
  • Kenneth Miller



The objectives of this study were to characterize survivorship models of care across eight LIVESTRONG Survivorship Center of Excellence (COE) Network sites and to identify barriers and facilitators influencing survivorship care.


Using the framework of the Chronic Care Model (CCM), quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry were conducted with the COEs. Methods included document reviews, key informant telephone interviews with 39 participants, online Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) surveys with 40 participants, and three site visits.


Several overarching themes emerged in qualitative interviews and were substantiated by quantitative methods. Health system factors supporting survivorship care include organization and leadership commitment and program champions at various levels of the health care team. System barriers include reimbursement issues, lack of space, and the need for leadership commitment to support changes in clinical practices as well as having program “champions” among clinical staff. Multiple models of care include separate survivorship clinics and integrated models as well as consultative models. COEs’ scores on the ACIC survey showed overall “reasonable support” for survivorship care; however, the clinical information system domain was least developed. Although the ACIC findings indicated “reasonable support” for self-management, the qualitative analysis revealed that self-management support was largely limited to health promotion provided in clinic-based education and counseling sessions, with few COEs providing patients with self-management tools and interventions.


The CCM framework captured experiences and challenges of these COEs and provided insight into the current state of survivorship care in the context of National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer centers. Findings showed that cancer patients and providers could benefit from clinical information systems that would better identify candidates for survivorship care and provide timely information. In addition, a crucial area for development is self-management support outside of clinical care.

Implications for cancer survivors

Cancer survivors may benefit from learning about the experience and challenges faced by the eight LIVESTRONG Centers of Excellence in developing programs and models for cancer survivorship care, and these findings may inform patient and caregiver efforts to seek, evaluate, and advocate for quality survivorship programs designed to meet their needs.


Cancer Cancer survivorship Chronic care model Health care 



The authors would like to acknowledge contributions of the following individuals: Caroline Huffman, RN; K. Scott Baker, MD; and Donald Rosenstein, MD. This research was supported by funding from the LIVESTRONG Foundation and the V (Jim Valvano) Foundation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marci K. Campbell
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Irene Tessaro
    • 2
  • Mindy Gellin
    • 2
  • Carmina G. Valle
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shannon Golden
    • 3
  • Leanne Kaye
    • 1
  • Patricia A. Ganz
    • 4
  • Mary S. McCabe
    • 5
  • Linda A. Jacobs
    • 6
  • Karen Syrjala
    • 7
  • Barbara Anderson
    • 8
  • Alison F. Jones
    • 9
  • Kenneth Miller
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer CenterChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Goldsmith Research GroupWinston-SalemUSA
  4. 4.Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer CenterUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew York CityUSA
  6. 6.Abramson Cancer CenterUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  7. 7.Biobehavioral Sciences DepartmentFred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA
  8. 8.Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer CenterColumbusUSA
  9. 9.University of Colorado Cancer CenterAuroraUSA
  10. 10.Dana Farber Cancer InstituteHarvard UniversityBostonUSA

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