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Archaeologies

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 136–152 | Cite as

Tailors-Made: Heritage Governance Customization in Late Modern Canada

  • Joshua DentEmail author
Research
  • 193 Downloads

Abstract

Canada is not just a patchwork of varying heritage governance delineated by provincial and territorial boundaries but a maelstrom of contesting and overlapping practices and processes originating from state and non-state actors. Since the 1990s, this patchwork of governance has increasingly diffused into Indigenous and local spheres through the negotiation of formal (treaties, legislation) and semi-formal (memoranda of understanding) agreements. Ideological tensions persist between the design aspirations of resurgent Indigenisms and Canadian late modern state processes. The resurgence of Indigenous capacities and institutions with a heritage management mandate has also created Indigenous jurisdictions not premised in any nation-to-nation agreement.

Key Words

Heritage governance Canadian archaeology Treaty heritage chapters Indigenous heritage management 

Résumé

Le Canada est non seulement une mosaïque de gouvernances patrimoniales diversifiées délimitées par des territoires provinciaux et territoriaux, mais aussi un maelström de pratiques et processus contraires qui se chevauchent et qui proviennent d’acteurs étatiques ou non. Depuis les années quatre-vingt-dix, cette mosaïque s’est de plus en plus immiscée à l’intérieur des sphères autochtones et locales dans le cadre de la négociation d’ententes formelles (traités, lois) et semi-formelles (protocoles d’entente). Des tensions idéologiques persistent entre les aspirations conceptuelles des approches indigénistes en recrudescence et les récents processus contemporains de l’État canadien. La recrudescence de capacités et d’institutions autochtones dotées d’un mandat de gestion patrimoniale a aussi créé des administrations autochtones sur lesquelles nulle entente entre nations ne repose.

Resumen

Canadá no es sólo un patchwork de gobernanza variable del patrimonio delineada por los límites provinciales y territoriales sino un torbellino de prácticas y procesos que cuestionan y se solapan y que se originan a partir de actores estatales y no estatales. Desde los año 1990, este patchwork de gobernanza se ha difundido cada vez más en la esferas indígena y local mediante la negociación de acuerdos formales (tratados, legislación) y semiformales (memoranda de entendimiento). Las tensiones ideológicas persisten entre las aspiraciones de diseño de los nacientes indigenismos y los procesos del estado moderno tardío canadiense. El resurgimiento de capacidades e instituciones indígenas con un mandato de gestión del patrimonio ha creado también jurisdicciones indígenas no basadas en ningún acuerdo bilateral, nación-nación.

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Copyright information

© World Archaeological Congress 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sustainable Archaeology at Western University/Timmins Martelle Heritage Consultants Inc.LondonCanada

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