Commercial production of chia in Northwestern Argentina
The economy of northwestern Argentina depends heavily on sugar and tobacco. Depressed prices for these crops in recent years have caused significant economic problems, and alternative crops are actively being sought. Chia (Salvia hispanica L.), a source of industrial oil for the cosmetics industry and θ-3 α-linolenic acid for the food industry, is one new crop that could help diversify the local economy. A project to develop chia as a commercial crop was initiated in 1991. In 1996, 13 fields were commercially grown in two provinces of northwestern Argentina. Biomass production and seed yields were affected by weather, location, and production practices. Average seed yield was 606 kg/ha. Oil content and fatty acid composition varied between fields.
Key wordsα-Linolenic acid fatty acids Salvia hispanica L
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.De Las Carreras, A., El Azucar en la Argentina y el Mundo, Editorial Hemisferio Sur, Buenos Aires, 1990.Google Scholar
- 2.Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos, Datos para el Analisis del Sector Publico de las Distintas Juridicciones de la Republica Argentina, Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censo, Buenos Aires, 1995, pp. 134–141.Google Scholar
- 3.Jojoba Growers and Processors, Inc., Oil of Chia, Jojoba Growers and Processors, Inc., Apache Junction, Arizona, 1990.Google Scholar
- 4.Ting, I.P., J.H. Brown, H.H. Naqvi, J. Kumamoto, and M. Matsumura, Chia: A Potential Oil Crop for Arid Zones, in New Industrial Crops and Products, Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops, The University of Arizona, Office of Arid Lands Studies, Tucson, Arizona, 1990, pp. 197–200.Google Scholar
- 5.Ayerza, R. (h), Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.), from Five Locations in Northwestern Argentina, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 72:1079–1081 (1995).Google Scholar
- 7.SAS Institute, SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Release 6.03 Edition, SAS Institute Inc., Gary, 1988, p. 595.Google Scholar