Modulation of the Selectivity of Immobilized Lipases by Chemical and Physical Modifications: Release of Omega-3 Fatty Acids from Fish Oil
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Three different lipases (from Candida antarctica fraction B (CALB), Thermomyces lanuginose (TLL), and Rhizomucor miehei (RML)) were immobilized by two different methods, immobilization on CNBr-activated Sepharose via a mild covalent immobilization or adsorption onto hydrophobic supports (Octyl-Sepharose). These immobilized preparations were chemically and physically modified on the protein surface (enzyme carboxylic groups with ethylenediamine, amino groups with succinic anhydride, or coating with polyethyleneimine).The activity and selectivity in the production of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) by enzymatic hydrolysis of sardine oil were evaluated. Activity and selectivity were dependent on the different lipases, the immobilization protocols, the modification methods, and the pH of the reaction media. The selectivity (EPA/DHA ratio) of RML immobilized on CNBr-activated Sepharose was increased after succinylation from 7.5 to 34 at pH 6.0. The selectivity of octyl-RML improved from 1.5 to 8.5 when pH was increased from 6 to 8. The selectivity and activity of octyl-TLL increased twofold after PEI coating at pH 6. The properties of CAL-B derivatives were slightly altered after modification.
KeywordsOmega-3 fatty acids Lipases Chemical modification EPA DHA
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