Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 93–107 | Cite as

Characterization of Aromatherapy Massage Oils Prepared from Virgin Coconut Oil and Some Essential Oils

  • Sarunyoo Songkro
  • Anusak Sirikatitham
  • Supreedee Sungkarak
  • Khemmarat Buaking
  • Juraithip Wungsintaweekul
  • Duangkhae Maneenuan
  • Kwunchit OungbhoEmail author
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to characterize aromatherapy massage oils prepared from virgin coconut oil (VCO) and some essential oils. VCO extracted from fresh coconut endosperm by a centrifugation method, which was the most effective method to prepare VCO, was composed mainly of saturated fatty acids, in particular myristic acid. Three essential oils (lemon, eucalyptus and lavender oils) at concentrations of 1, 3 and 5% w/w were blended with the VCO to prepare massage oils. Physical and chemical properties as well as microbial analysis of the massage oils were assessed to evaluate quality characteristics of the preparations. Results showed that types and concentrations of essential oils used somewhat affected viscosity, refractive index and three chemical characteristics (acid, peroxide, and iodine values) associated with oxidative stability of the massage oils. Generally the rank order of acid, peroxide and iodine values of the freshly prepared massage oils appeared to be lemon oil > lavender oil > eucalyptus oil. The results of a accelerated storage stability study (45 °C, 4 months) clearly showed a dramatic increase in both acid and peroxide values of VCO and the blended massage oils compared to initial values, whereas the iodine values of these preparations decreased slightly. The plain VCO and the blended massage oils did not exhibit antimicrobial activity on the test microorganisms and were free from microbial contamination.


Virgin coconut oil Lemon oil Eucalyptus oil Lavender oil Essential oil Acid value Peroxide value Iodine value Refractive index Viscosity 



The authors would like to acknowledge National Research Council of Thailand for financial support. The authors wish to thank Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, for their facilities and contributions.


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Copyright information

© AOCS 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarunyoo Songkro
    • 1
    • 4
  • Anusak Sirikatitham
    • 2
    • 4
  • Supreedee Sungkarak
    • 1
    • 4
  • Khemmarat Buaking
    • 1
    • 4
  • Juraithip Wungsintaweekul
    • 3
    • 4
  • Duangkhae Maneenuan
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kwunchit Oungbho
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesPrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesPrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesPrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand
  4. 4.Drug Delivery System Excellence CenterPrince of Songkla UniversityHat Yai, SongkhlaThailand

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