Skip to main content
Log in

Fatty acid profiles from forty-nine plant species that are potential new sources of γ-linolenic acid

  • Published:
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

Abstract

Forty-nine plant species from Spain, belonging to the Boraginaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Onagraceae, and Ranunculaceae families, were surveyed in a search of new sources of γ-linolenic acid (18∶3ω6, GLA). Fatty acid profiles from seeds, stems, roots, flowers and leaves were determined. GLA was detected mainly in seed and root tissues. High GLA amounts were found in seeds of Boraginaceae species, with a maximum of 20.25% of total fatty acids in Myosotis nemorosa. Within the Scrophulariaceae the highest GLA content (10.17%) was found in Scrophularia sciophila. Variable amounts of stearidonic acid, (18∶4ω3, SDA) were present in Boraginaceae species, ranging from 0.08% of total seed fatty acids in Anchusa azurea to 21.06% in Echium asperrimum. SDA was also very abundant in all organs of Asperugo procumbens. A multivariate analysis was performed using our results and those reported for other plant species belonging to the same families in order to investigate a possible correlation between the fatty acid profile and the genera within these families.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Gunstone, F.D., Gamma Lipolenic Acid. Occurrence and Physical and Chemical Properties, Prog. Lipid Res. 31:145–161 (1992).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Horrobin, D.F., Nutritional and Medical Importance of Gamma-Linolenic Acid, ——Ibid. 31:163–194 (1992).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Reddy, D.R., V.S. Prassad, and V.N. Das, Intratumoral Injection of GLA in Malignant Gliomas, J. Clin. Neurosci. 5:36–39 (1998).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Das, U.N., Hypothesis: cis-Unsaturated Fatty Acids as Potential Anti-Peptic Ulcer Drugs, Prostaglandins Leukotrienes Essent. Fatty Acids 28:337–380 (1998).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ugnarius, S., Beneficial Effects of GLA Enriched Diet, Therapeutic Properties of Oenothera biennis Oil, Farmacia 44:11–17 (1996).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Hudson, B.J.F., Evening Primrose (Oenothera spp.) Oil and Seed, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61:540–543 (1984).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Pina, M., J. Graille, P. Grignac, A. Lacombe, O. Quenot, and P. Garnier, Research on Oenothera Rich in Gamma-Linolenic Acid, Oléagineux 39:593–596 (1984).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Uzzan, A., Borage Oil: An Oil with a Solid Future, Rev. Fr. Corps Gras 33:385–389 (1986).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Whipkey, A., J.E. Simon, and J. Janick, In vivo and in vitro Lipid Accumulation in Borago officinalis L., J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 65:979–984 (1988).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Traitler, H., H. Winter, U. Richli, and Y. Ingenbleek, Characterization of Gamma-Linolenic Acid in Ribes Seed, Lipids 19:923–928 (1984).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Lercker, G., M. Cocchi, and E. Turchetto, Ribes nigrum Seed Oil, Riv. Ital. Sostanze Grasse 65:1–6 (1988).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Wolf, R.B., R. Kleiman, and R.E. England, New Sources of γ-Linolenic Acid, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 60:1858–1860 (1983).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Tsevegsüren, N., and K. Aitzetmüller, γ-Linolenic and Stearidonic Acids in Mongolian Boraginaceae, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 73:1681–1684 (1996).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Hansen, C.E., P. Stoessel, and P. Rossi, Distribution of γ-Linolenic Acid in the Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Plant, J. Sci. Food Agric. 54:309–312 (1991).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Johansson, A., P. Laako, and H. Kallio, Characterization of Seed Oils of Wild, Edible Finnish Berries, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. A 204:300–307 (1997).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Tsevegsüren, N., K. Aitzetmüller, and K. Voskmann, Unusual Fatty Acids in Compositae. γ-Linolenic Acid in Saussurea spp. Seed Oils, J. High Resolut. Chromatogr. 20:315–320 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Guil-Guerrero, J.L., F. Gómez-Mercado, F. García-Maroto, and P. Campra-Madrid, Occurrence and Characterization of Oils Rich in γ-Linolenic Acid: (I) Echium Seeds from Macaronesia, Phytochemistry 53:451–456 (2000).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Del Río Celestino, M., and A. De Haro Bailón, Análisis del Contenido en Gamma Linolénico y Otros Ácidos Grasos en las Distintas Partes Consumibles de la Borraja (Borago officinalis), Communication in the XXIII International Reunion of Chromatography, Peñíscola (Spain), 19–21 October 1994.

  19. Gunstone, F.D., Movements Towards Tailor-Made Fats, Prog. Lipid Res. 37:277–305 (1998).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Robles Medina, A., E. Molina Grima, A. Giménez Giménez, and M.J. Ibáñez González, Downstream Processing of Algal Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Biotechnol. Adv. 16:517–580 (1998).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Rodríguez-Ruiz, J., E.H. Belarbi, J.L. García Sánchez, and D. López Alonso, Rapid Simultaneous Lipid Extraction and Transesterification for Fatty Acid Analyses, Biotechnol. Tech. 12:689–691 (1998).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Ucciani, E., Sources Potentielles d'Acide Gamma-Linolénique: Une Revue, OCL Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipides 2:319–322 (1995).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Traitler, H., H.J. Wille, and A. Studer, Fractionation of Blackcurrant Seed Oil, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 65:755–759 (1988).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Griffiths, H., E.Y. Brechany, F.M. Jackson, W.W. Christie, S. Stymne, and A.K. Stobart, Distribution and Biosynthesis of Stearidonic Acid in Leaves of Borago officinalis, Phytochemistry 43:381–386 (1996).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Joliffe, I.T., Principal Component Analysis, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Wold, S., K. Eseben, and P. Geladi, Principal Component Analysis, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst. 2:37–52 (1987).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. MacKenzie, S.L., E.M. Giblin, and G. Mazza, Stereospecific Analysis of Onosmodium hispidissimum Mack. Seed Oil Triglycerides, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 70:629–631 (1993).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to J. L. Guil-Guerrero.

About this article

Cite this article

Guil-Guerrero, J.L., García Maroto, F.F. & Giménez Giménez, A. Fatty acid profiles from forty-nine plant species that are potential new sources of γ-linolenic acid. J Amer Oil Chem Soc 78, 677–684 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-001-0325-9

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-001-0325-9

Key Words

Navigation