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Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 297–310 | Cite as

Crystallization kinetics of palm stearin in blends with sesame seed oil

  • J. F. Toro-VazquezEmail author
  • M. Briceño-Montelongo
  • E. Dibildox-Alvarado
  • M. Charó-Alonso
  • J. Reyes-Hernández
Article

Abstract

This study investigates the crystallization kinetics of palm stearin (PS), a palm oil fraction, in blends with sesame seed oil. The results indicate that the crystallization behavior of PS in sesame oil is mainly associated with the crystallization of tripalmitin. Therefore, crystallization of blends of 26, 42, 60, and 80% (wt/vol) PS in sesame oil was described by equations developed for simpler systems (e.g., Fisher and Turnbull equation). The isothermal crystallization, melting profile, and fitting of the kinetics of nucleation to the Fisher and Turnbull equation showed that the 26, 42, and 60% PS/sesame oil blends crystallized mainly in the β1′ polymorph state. In contrast, the 80% blend crystallized in two different polymorph states (i.e., β1′ at T⪯307.6 K and β1 at T≽308.2 K). The data indicated that, in spite of the higher concentration of PS in the 80% PS/sesame oil system, crystallization in the β1 state required more free energy for nucleation (δG c ) than β1′ crystallization in the 26, 42, and 60% PS/sesame oil. At the low cooling rate used (1 K/min) it was observed that, for a particular PS blend, the higher the effective supercooling the higher the viscosity of the oil phase and the smaller the induction time of crystallization (Ti). Additionally, the β1′ crystals from PS, developed at the highest effective supercooling investigated, were smaller than the β1 crystals obtained at lower effective supercooling.

Key Words

Avrami crystallization Fisher-Turnball oil viscosity palm oil palm stearin 

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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Toro-Vazquez
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Briceño-Montelongo
    • 1
  • E. Dibildox-Alvarado
    • 1
  • M. Charó-Alonso
    • 1
  • J. Reyes-Hernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación y Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autonoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosiMexico

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