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Lipids

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 437–444 | Cite as

Occurrence of the cis-4,7,10, trans-13-22:4 Fatty Acid in the Family Pectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia)

  • Edouard KraffeEmail author
  • Jacques Grall
  • Elena Palacios
  • Citlali Guerra
  • Philippe Soudant
  • Yanic Marty
Original Article

Abstract

The present study aimed to elucidate the effective phylogenetic specificity of distribution of a cis-4,7,10, trans-13-22:4 (22:4(n-9)Δ13trans) among pectinids. For this purpose, we extended the analysis of membrane glycerophospholipids FA composition to 13 species of scallops, covering 11 genera and 7 tribes representatives of the three subfamilies Chlamydinae, Palliolinae and Pectininae and the subgroup Aequipecten. In species belonging to the subfamily Pectininae and the Aequipecten subgroup, 22:4(n-9)Δ13trans was found in substantial amounts, but it was absent in other species belonging to the subfamilies Chlamydinae and Palliolinae. Homologous non-methylene-interrupted (NMI) FA, also hypothesized to differ along phylogenetic lines in bivalves, were totally absent or present only in trace amounts in representatives of the Aequipecten subgroup but ranged from 0.3 to 4.5% of the total FA in Pectinidae, Chlamydinae, and Palliolinae subfamilies. The species-specific occurrence of NMI and 22:4(n-9)Δ13trans FA in membrane lipids of pectinids agrees with the most recent phylogenies based on shell morphology and molecular characteristics. We examined the potential timing of the appearance of 22:4(n-9)Δ13trans in pectinids on a geologic time scale.

Keywords

cis-4,7,10, trans-13-22:4 fatty acid Fatty acid composition Bivalve Scallops Pectinidae Phylogeny 

Abbreviations

NMI

Non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids

NMID

Dienoic non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids

NMIT

Trienoic non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids

SerGpl

Phosphatidylserine

PlsSer

Phosphatidylserine plasmalogen

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank A. Lorrain, A. Druinker, L. Chauvaud, and Y-M. Paulet for supply of some of the species we characterized. This work was supported by a grant from “Ministère de l’Education Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie” (M.E.N.R.T., France). We also would like to thank Prof. H. Guderley for her English revision and comments, and also anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

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Copyright information

© AOCS 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edouard Kraffe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacques Grall
    • 2
  • Elena Palacios
    • 3
  • Citlali Guerra
    • 4
  • Philippe Soudant
    • 2
  • Yanic Marty
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité Mixte CNRS 6521Université de Bretagne OccidentaleBrest Cedex 3France
  2. 2.Unité Mixte CNRS 6539, Institut Universitaire Européen de la MerUniversité de Bretagne OccidentalePlouzanéFrance
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR)La PazMexico
  4. 4.Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)BremerhavenGermany

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