Fatty acid composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the FA composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (AS) and rainbow trout (RT). FA profiles were obtained by GC/FID. Results showed that lipid and n−3 highly unsaturated FA contents of farmed and wild AS were similar. Total n−3 and n−6 PUFA were significantly higher in farmed AS than in wild AS. Farmed RT contained more fat and less n−3 PUFA than wild RT. Our results show that farmed salmonids provide high levels of n−3 HUFA to consumers.

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Abbreviations

AS:

Atlantic salmon

CIRSA:

Centre interuniversitaire de Recherche sur le Saumon Atlantique

CHD:

coronary heart disease

FAPAQ:

Ministère des Ressources Naturelles, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec

HUFA:

highly unsaturated FA

MAPAQ:

Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du Québec

MUFA:

monounsaturated FA

RT:

rainbow trout

SFA:

saturated FA

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Correspondence to Carole Blanchet.

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Blanchet, C., Lucas, M., Julien, P. et al. Fatty acid composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Lipids 40, 529–531 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-005-1414-0

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Keywords

  • Rainbow Trout
  • Atlantic Salmon
  • Farm Atlantic Salmon
  • International Food Policy Research Institute
  • Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar