Fatty acid composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)


The goal of this study was to examine the FA composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (AS) and rainbow trout (RT). FA profiles were obtained by GC/FID. Results showed that lipid and n−3 highly unsaturated FA contents of farmed and wild AS were similar. Total n−3 and n−6 PUFA were significantly higher in farmed AS than in wild AS. Farmed RT contained more fat and less n−3 PUFA than wild RT. Our results show that farmed salmonids provide high levels of n−3 HUFA to consumers.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.



Atlantic salmon


Centre interuniversitaire de Recherche sur le Saumon Atlantique


coronary heart disease


Ministère des Ressources Naturelles, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec


highly unsaturated FA


Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du Québec


monounsaturated FA


rainbow trout


saturated FA


  1. 1.

    Harris, W.S., and Von Schacky, C. (2004) The Omega-3 Index: A New Risk Factor for Sudden Cardiac Death? Prev. Med. 39, 212–220.

    PubMed  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Delgado, C.L., Wada, N., Rosegrant, M.W., Meijer, S., and Ahmed, M. (2003) Fish to 2020: Supply and Demand in Changing Global Markets, ISBN 0-89629-725-X, International Food Policy Research Institute and WorldFish Center, Washington, DC.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Shaikh, N.A., and Downar, E. (1981) Time Course of Changes in Porcine Myocardial Phospholipid Levels During Ischemia. A Reassessment of the Lysolipid Hypothesis, Circ. Res. 49, 316–325.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Lepage, G., and Roy, C.C. (1986) Direct Transesterification of All Classes of Lipids in a One-Step Reaction, J. Lipid Res. 127, 114–120.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Cahu, C., Salen, P., and de Lorgeril, M. (2004) Farmed and Wild Fish in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases: Assessing Possible Differences in Lipid Nutritional Values, Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 14, 34–41.

    PubMed  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Nettleton, J.A. (2000) Fatty Acids in Cultivated and Wild Fish, in Proceedings of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, (July 10–14), II/FET, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Bell, J.G., McEvoy, J., Tocher, D.R., McGhee, F., Campbell, P.J., and Sargent, J.R. (2001) Replacement of Fish Oil with Rapessed Oil in Diets of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Affects Tissue Lipid Compositions and Hepatocyte Fatty Acid Metabolism, J. Nutr. 131, 1535–1543.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Ackman, R.G., and Takeuchi, T. (1986) Comparison of Fatty Acids and Lipids of Smolting Hatchery-Fed and Wild Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar, Lipids 21, 117–120.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Carole Blanchet.

About this article

Cite this article

Blanchet, C., Lucas, M., Julien, P. et al. Fatty acid composition of wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Lipids 40, 529–531 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-005-1414-0

Download citation


  • Rainbow Trout
  • Atlantic Salmon
  • Farm Atlantic Salmon
  • International Food Policy Research Institute
  • Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar