Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 543–552 | Cite as

Micellar Properties for Propoxylated Surfactants in Water/Alcohol Solvent Mixtures and Their Antibacterial and Polyester Fabric Antistatic Performances

  • Yongqiang Sun
  • Chao Wang
  • Wanxu Wang
  • Xiuquan Yang
  • Martino Di Serio
  • Lifei Zhi
Original Article

Abstract

Two propoxylated quaternary amine surfactants characterized by two and six average PO adduct numbers (PO-2 and PO-6 QA surfactants) were synthesized to investigate the micellar properties of propoxylated cationic surfactants in water/alcohol mixtures. The effect of PPO groups on micelle formation was explored using conductivity, UV–vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering techniques. Regular or reverse micellization occur with water or alcohol rich solvent mixtures, respectively. For intermediate composition no micellization occurs. Also the performances in antibacterial and antistatic fabrics were studied. PO-2 QA surfactant has excellent antibacterial activities against both the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus while both surfactants have good antistatic activity over polyester fabric.

Keywords

Micellar properties Cationic propoxylate surfactant Water/alcohol mixtures Antibacterium Polyester fabric antistatic property 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the financial support by the International Science and Technology Cooperative Project of China (No. 2013DFA42120), National Science and Technology support projects (No. 2014BAE03B04 and 2014BAE03B03), International Science and Technology Cooperative Project of Shanxi province (No. 2015081046).

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Copyright information

© AOCS 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongqiang Sun
    • 1
  • Chao Wang
    • 1
  • Wanxu Wang
    • 1
  • Xiuquan Yang
    • 1
  • Martino Di Serio
    • 2
  • Lifei Zhi
    • 1
  1. 1.China Research Institute of Daily Chemical IndustryTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Chemical SciencesUniversity of Naples FedericoNaplesItaly

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