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Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 155–159 | Cite as

Synthesis and Characterization of Glucosamide Surfactant

  • Fu HanEmail author
  • Yun-yun Deng
  • Peng-li Wang
  • Jia Song
  • Ya-wen Zhou
  • Bao-cai Xu
Original Article

Abstract

The synthesis and structural analysis of glucosamide surfactants of the general formula CnH2n+1NH(CH2)2NHCO(CHOH)4CH2OH (n = 8, 10, 12) are described, and the surface activity properties of the surfactants are studied. N-alkylethylenediamines were synthesized by the alkylation of the ethylenediamine with alkyl bromide. The glucosamide surfactants, N-alkyl-N′-glucosylethylenediamine (C n GA), were prepared by amidation of the precursor diamine with d-gluconic acid δ-lactone. They were structurally characterized by IR, 1H NMR and MS. They reduced the surface tension of water to approximately 26–27 mN m−1 at concentration levels of (0.5–1.6) × 10−3 mol L−1.

Keywords

Synthesis Characterization Glucosamide Alkylation Amidation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support of the Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 20976003 and 21176004) and the Research Program of Beijing Municipal Commission of Education (no. KM201010011003) are gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© AOCS 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fu Han
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yun-yun Deng
    • 1
  • Peng-li Wang
    • 1
  • Jia Song
    • 1
  • Ya-wen Zhou
    • 1
  • Bao-cai Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Food and Chemical EngineeringBeijing Technology and Business UniversityHaidian DistrictPeople Republic of China

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