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Adventitious rhizogenesis in Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench callus and HPLC analysis of phenolic acids


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This is the successful report of adventitious rhizogenesis from leaf segment of in vitro grown Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench in MS medium supplemented with NAA and BAP. The presence of phenolic acids, viz., rosmarinic acid and p-coumaric acid in adventitious root extracts of rhizogenic callus is also a significant observation.


Rhizogenic callus was induced directly from the leaf segment explants of in vitro grown Basilicum polystachyon (L) Moench. Light green and compact callus with adventitious roots was induced on MS medium supplemented with 1 mg L−1 NAA and 1 mg L−1 BAP. MS medium with addition of 1.0 mg L−1 2,4-D and 1.0 mg L−1 BAP induced white and compact callus. Maximum callus induction efficiency (98%) was obtained in MS medium supplemented with NAA and BAP. The highest numbers of adventitious roots (24 ± 0.35) per callus were regenerated on MS medium supplemented with 1 mg L−1 of NAA and 1 mg L−1 of BAP. The adventitious root origination was studied with stereo-microscope and field emission scanning electron microscope. The induced rhizogenic callus was also a good source of phenolic acids. The presence of phenolic acids such as rosmarinic acid (10 µg/ml) and p-coumaric acid (14 µg/ml) in adventitious roots was determined by RP-HPLC analysis.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3


2, 4-D:

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid


Analysis of variance




Field emission scanning electron microscope


Murashige and Skoog


1-Naphthaleneacetic acid


Plant growth regulator




Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography


Standard error


Thin-layer chromatography


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We sincerely acknowledge the Department of Biotechnology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan 713104, WB, India for giving infrastructural facilities. The authors also acknowledge DST PURSE Phase-II, New Delhi, Government of India for providing instrumental facilities. S.D. is thankful to the Government of West Bengal, India for financial assistance through the state-funded fellowship. We must convey our sincere thanks to Mr. Kaushik Sarkar, Technical Assistant, Grade-I, Department of Biotechnology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan 713104, WB, India for HPLC analysis.

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The authors have made the following declarations regarding their contributions: SD and IC conceived the design of the experiments. SD and to some extent KWS monitored the research work. SD collected and analyzed sample data. SD contributed mainly to writing the manuscript in its final form. All the authors read and approved the final manuscript. This is a part of SD’s Ph.D. thesis work.

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Correspondence to Indrani Chandra.

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Das, S., Sultana, K.W. & Chandra, I. Adventitious rhizogenesis in Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench callus and HPLC analysis of phenolic acids. Acta Physiol Plant 43, 146 (2021).

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  • Basilicum polystachyon
  • Callus
  • Adventitious root
  • Rhizogenic callus
  • Phenolic acids