Skip to main content
Log in

Evaluation of low-chill peach and nectarine cultivars in a temperate-subtropical climate transition zone of central-eastern Argentina

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Peach is a dynamic crop in terms of breeding. The central area of Santa Fe, Argentina, constitutes a transition zone between temperate and subtropical climate. This work aimed to evaluate the reproductive traits and internal fruit quality of twenty-five introduced low-chill peach and nectarine cultivars. The percentage of vegetative and floral budbreak, flower density and the percentage of fruit set were calculated for each cultivar. At harvest, fruit firmness, juice content, total soluble solids of the juice, and acid concentration were determined. Fruit color was also measured by determining the Hunter coordinates. Principal component analysis allowed segregating cultivars with similar properties: (i) those with reddish fruit coloration, low fruit size and fruit yield; (ii) those with high fruit yield and fruit size; (iii) those with high total soluble solid content, juiciness and ratio, and later maturation; and (iv) those with high fruit set and fruit acidity. Although cultivars can be chosen according to these characteristics, the most recommended cultivars that combined the best characteristics of fruit quality and reproductive behavior were ‘Fla 91-8c’, ‘Rojo dos’, ‘Nect 22’, ‘Tropic Snow’, ‘Hermosillo’, ‘Jubileo’, ‘Fla 1-8 bis’, and ‘Chimarrita’.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Arroyo LE, Valentini GH (2018) Detection and virus monitoring in stone fruit pomological collections in Buenos Aires province. Horticultura Argentina 37(92):5–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Badenes ML, Martínez-Calvo J, Llacer G (1998) Estudios comparativos de la calidad de frutos de 26 variedades de melocotones de origen norteamericano y dos variedades-población de origen español. Investigación Agraria Producción y Protección Vegetal 13:57–70

    Google Scholar 

  • Bassi D, Monet R (2008) Botany and taxonomy. In: Layne RD, Bassi D (eds) The peach: botany, production and uses. CABI, Wallingford, pp 1–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Bradley L (2001) Deciduous fruit & nuts for the Low Desert. Cooperative Extension, the University of Arizona, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. p 9. Accessed 10 Oct 2020

  • Byrne DH, Boonprakob U (2008) Thai TigerTM series of low-chill peaches for the subtropics. HortScience 43(7):2226–2227

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carrá de Toloza MS (2001) Selección de variedades de duraznos de mesa y nectarinos promisorios y recomendados para su cultivo en la provincia de Mendoza. Horticultura Argentina 20:44

    Google Scholar 

  • Caruso T, Di Miceli C, Marra FP, Volo P, Cutuli M, Sartori A, Terlizzi M, Neri D (2016) New selections of Prunus persica for low chill Mediterranean climate areas. In: Milatović D, Milivojevic J, Nikolic D (eds) Proc. III Balkan symposium on fruit growing, vol 1139. Acta Hortic, USA, pp 7–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Conejero W, Ortuño MF, Mellisho CD, Torrecillas A (2010) Influence of crop load on maximum daily trunk shrinkage reference equations for irrigation scheduling of early maturing peach trees. Agric Water Manag 97:333–338

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Curzel V (2017) Producción de duraznos y nectarinas en los valles templados de Jujuy. Accessed 04 Feb 2018

  • Di Rienzo JA, Casanoves F, Balzarini MG, Gonzalez L, Tablada M, Robledo CW (2017) InfoStat 2017. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.

  • Felts M, Threlfall RT, Worthington ML (2019) Physicochemical and descriptive sensory analysis of Arkansas-grown peaches and nectarines. HortScience 54(2):226–235.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ferguson J, Andersen P, Chaparro J, Williamson J (2008) Florida subtropical peaches: general concepts and cultivars recommended for grower trials. University of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department. Document HS1125. Accessed 16 Sept 2019

  • García MS (2012) Disponibilidad de frío en la región centro de la provincia de Santa Fe. Tesis (Maestría en cultivos intensivos)—Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe. Accessed 3 Nov 2017

  • García MS, Micheloud NG, Leva P, Tóffoli G, Gariglio NF, Pilatti RA (2013) Efecto de las heladas tardías en la producción de durazneros precoces cultivados en la región central de la provincia de Santa Fe (Argentina). FAVE Sección Ciencias Agrarias 12:135–143

    Google Scholar 

  • Gariglio NF, González-Rossia DE, Mendow M, Reig C, Agustí M (2006) Effect of artificial chilling on the depth of endodormancy and leaf and flower budbreak of peach and nectarine cultivars using excised shoots. Sci Hortic 108:371–377

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gariglio N, Mendow M, Weber M, Favaro MA, González-Rossia D, Pilatti RA (2009) Phenology and reproductive traits of peaches and nectarines in central-east Argentina. Sci Agr 66:757–763.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gariglio NF, Weber ME, Castro D, Micheloud NG (2012) Influence of the environmental conditions, the variety, and different cultural practices on the phenology of peach in the central area of Santa Fe (Argentina). In: Zhang X (ed) Phenology and Climatic Change. IntechOpen, e-book, pp 217–240.

  • Giovanaz MA, Amaral PA, da Silveira PM, Fernandes de Lima AP, Weber D, Fachinello JC (2016) Chemical thinning affects yield and return flowering in ‘Jubileu’ peach. Rev Ceres 63(3):329–333

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Giovannelli C, Bouzo C, Ribero G, Castro D, Micheloud N, Gariglio N (2014) External fruit quality and harvest time of low-chill peach and nectarine varieties at Santa Fe. Argentina Aust J Basic Appl Sci 8(1):427–433

    Google Scholar 

  • González Rossia D, Reig C, Juan M, Agustí M (2007) Horticultural factors regulating effectiveness of GA3 inhibiting flowering in peaches and nectarines (Prunus persica L. Batsch). Sci Hortic 11:352–357.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Guardiola JL, García-Marí F, Agustí M (1984) Competition and fruit set in the Washington navel orange. Physiol Plant 62:297–302

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hagillih D, James F, Hodel DR, Mabie R, Bender GS, Lazaneo V (2000) Evaluation of low-chill deciduous tree fruit cultivars (part I): Peaches. University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Slosson Report I: 1–3. Accessed 15 Dec 2017

  • Jha SN (2010) Colour measurements and modeling. In: Jha SN (ed) Non destructive evaluation of food quality. Theory and practice. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 17–40

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Köppen W (1948) Climatología: un estudio de los climas de la tierra. Tradução Pedro H.R. Pérez. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica

  • Maneethon S, Kozai A, Beppu K, Kataoka I (2007) Rootstock effect on budburst of ‘Premier’ low-chill peach cultivar. Sci Hortic.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Micheloud NG, Castro DC, Buyatti MA, Gabriel PM, Gariglio NF (2018) Factors affecting phenology of different Citrus varieties under the temperate climate conditions of Santa Fe, Argentina. Rev Bras Frutic 40:1–9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Milatović D, Nikolić D, Đurović D (2010) Variability, heritability and correlations of some factors affecting productivity in peach. Hort Sci (prague) 37(3):79–87

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Okie WR, Blackburn B (2011a) Interactive effects of light and chilling on peach flower and leaf budbreak. HortScience 46(7):1056–1062

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Okie WR, Blackburn B (2011b) Increasing chilling reduces heat requirement for floral budbreak in peach. HortScience 46(2):245–252

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Orazem P, Stampar F, Hudina M (2011) Quality analysis of ‘Redhaven’ peach fruit grafted on 11 rootstocks of different genetic origin in a replant soil. Food Chem 124(4):1691–1698.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pathare PB, Opara UL, Al-Said F (2013) Colour measurement and analysis in fresh and processed foods: A Review. Food Bioprocess Technol 6:36–60.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Penso GA, Citadin I, Scariotto S, Danner MA, Sachet MR (2018) Genotype-environment interaction on the density of peach buds cultivated in a humid subtropical climate. Rev Bras Frutic 40(5):e-420.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pérez S (2004) Yield stability of peach germplasm differing in dormancy and blooming season in the Mexican subtropics. Sci Hortic 100:15–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Piekún A, Rybak R, Bogado E (2001) Desarrollo frutícola en el área tabacalera del centro-sur de Misiones. Accessed 12 Mar 2017

  • Porter GW, Sherman WB, Slack J (1996) Evaluation of low-chill peach and nectarine varieties at Altstonville, New South Wales, Australia. Acta Hortic 374:83–90

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Prinsi B, Negri AS, Fedeli C, Morgutti S, Negrini N, Cocucci M, Espen L (2011) Peach fruit ripening: a proteomic comparative analysis of the mesocarp of two cultivars with different flesh firmness at two ripening stages. Phytochemistry 72:1251–1262.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ramina A, Tonutti P, McGlasson W (2008) Ripening, nutrition and postharvest physiology. In: Layne DR, Bassi D (eds) The Peach: Botany, production and uses. CABI, Wallingford, pp 550–574

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Rizzante A, Lovati F, Testoni A (2008) Indagini sulla “shelf life” di alcune cultivar di pesche e nettarine. Frutticoltura 4:56–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Romeu JF, Sánchez MC, García-Brunton J (2015) Potential productivity evolution of flat peach cultivars (Prunus persica var. platycarpa) grown in different climatic conditions of southeast of Spain. Sci Horticu 197:687–696.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Scorza RL, Okie WR (1991) Peaches (Prunus). In: Moore JN, Ballington JR (eds) Genetic resources of temperate fruit and nut crops, vol 290. Acta Hortic, pp 177–231

    Google Scholar 

  • Travadelo M, Bortoluzzi A, Maina M, Justo A, Micheloud N (2017) Localización de planta de empaque asociativa de productores frutícolas del centro de Santa Fe. Argentina Agroalimentaria 23(44):123–131

    Google Scholar 

  • Weber M, Castro D, Micheloud N, Bouzo C, Buyatti M, Gariglio N (2013) Changes in the reproductive traits of low-chill peach tree in response to reproductive shoot pruning after harvesting. Eur J Hortic Sci 78(1):1–7

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was supported by the Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe (Argentina) (grant CAID+D 2020, PI: 50620190100010LI).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. F. Gariglio.

Additional information

Communicated by P. K. Nagar.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Micheloud, N.G., Giovannelli, C., Flaviani, M.I. et al. Evaluation of low-chill peach and nectarine cultivars in a temperate-subtropical climate transition zone of central-eastern Argentina. Acta Physiol Plant 43, 94 (2021).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: