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Growth of Typha domingensis as related to leaf physiological and anatomical modifications under drought conditions

  • Yasmini da Cunha Cruz
  • Ana Lívia Martins Scarpa
  • Marcio Paulo Pereira
  • Evaristo Mauro de Castro
  • Fabricio José PereiraEmail author
Original Article
  • 93 Downloads

Abstract

Global climate change may lead to reduced water supply to terrestrial environments owing to diminished rainfall. Wetlands are no exception, and macrophytes growing in these ecosystems may experience severe droughts. However, some macrophytes, such as Typha domingensis, can be found on partially dry sites. This study aimed to examine the mechanisms by which T. domingensis survives in dry sites. We examined whether water deficiency reduced the growth capacity of individual T. domingensis plants and the T. domingensis population. We hypothesized that T. domingensis can overcome some level of water deficiency by adjusting physiological parameters related to leaf anatomy, such as transpiration, photosynthesis, and water use efficiency. We evaluated the effects of drought on growth, leaf anatomy, gas exchange, and water potential of T. domingensis under controlled greenhouse conditions at different water availability levels. Waterlogged and field capacity treatments had similar effects on growth, water potential, and net photosynthesis. Population growth was inhibited at 50% and 25% of field capacity water availability. Drought resulted in reductions in photosynthesis, leaf area, water potential, stomatal density, and thickness of the palisade parenchyma. Therefore, although T. domingensis can cope with mild drought stress, the decrease in functional leaf area eventually limits plant growth under severe drought conditions.

Keywords

Cattail Water availability Photosynthesis Stomatal density Water potential 

Abbreviations

A

Area

DMO

Dry mass of the organ

DMP

Plant dry mass

E

Transpiration

ECN

Number of epidermal cells

FC

Field capacity

gs

Stomatal conductance

LA

Leaf area

LAR

Leaf area ratio

L/W

Ratio between stomatal length and width

NAR

Net assimilation rate

PPaba

Abaxial palisade parenchyma thickness

PPada

Adaxial palisade parenchyma thickness

Pn

Net photosynthesis

RGR

Relative growth rate

SD

Stomatal density

SI

Stomatal index

SN

Number of stomata

WUE

Water use efficiency

Ψw

Water potential

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank CNPq [Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development)], CAPES [Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel)], and FAPEMIG [Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do estado de Minas Gerais (Minas Gerais State Research Foundation)] for funding and research grants awarded to complete the present study.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmini da Cunha Cruz
    • 1
  • Ana Lívia Martins Scarpa
    • 1
  • Marcio Paulo Pereira
    • 1
  • Evaristo Mauro de Castro
    • 1
  • Fabricio José Pereira
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade Federal de LavrasLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciências da NaturezaUniversidade Federal de AlfenasAlfenasBrazil

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