Effects of Prangos ferulacea aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts obtained from different organs on the regeneration of Trifolium resupinatum
- 10 Downloads
Prangos ferulacea is one of the widely used, nutritional and popular fodders in livestock industry. This species is also considered as an important option in rangeland restoration and management. In this study, the comparative phytotoxic activity of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts obtained from different organs (flower, shoot and leaf) of P. ferulacea on proline content, seed germination and seedling growth of Trifolium resupinatum has been investigated. According to the results, the hydroalcoholic extract of P. ferulaceae flower possesses the highest total phenolic and flavonoid content and the uppermost phytotoxic effect on T. resupinatum. The extracts significantly decreased seed germination and seedling growth of T. resupinatum and increased the proline content. Our findings indicate that hydroalcoholic extract induced a stronger oxidative stress in T. resupinatum. Finally, based on the results, aqueous allelochemicals that originated from P. ferulacea played a significant role in the successful propagation and development of T. resupinatum in rehabilitated pastures. According to our results, the phytotoxicity effect of the hydroalcoholic extract was significantly higher than that of the aqueous extract. Since in nature, the allelopathic interaction between plants is closer to the aqueous method, primary evaluations of rangeland restoration using this method is suggested.
KeywordsRangeland restoration Prangos ferulacea Total phenols Total flavonoids
Funding was provided by the Shiraz University (Grant no. 93GRD1M1939).
- Ahmed J, Guvence A, Kucuboyaci N, Baldemir A, Coskun M (2011) Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of Prangos Lindl. (Umbelliferae) species growing in Konya province (Turkey). Turk J Biol 35:353–360Google Scholar
- Azarfard F (2008) Effect of Prangos ferulacea replacement for alfalfa on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Lori lambs. Int J Agric Biol 10:224–226Google Scholar
- Chen ZH, Lin FP, Zhang DM (1999) Physio-ecological study on the seed germination and seeding growth in four legume tree species under elevated CO2 concentration. Chin J Plant Ecol 23:161–170Google Scholar
- Eilami B (2008) Substitution of alfalfa hay with Prangos ferulacea in the fattening diet of gray shirazy sheep. Pajouhesh-Va-Sazandegi 79:52–57 (in Persian) Google Scholar
- Iranian Nomadic Organization (1992) In: Proceedings of development strategy of Iranian nomadic life. Ashayeri Publications, IranGoogle Scholar
- Jiang GB, Zeng RS (2006) Allelopathic potentials of volatiles from Artemisia lavandulaefolia DC. Prod Ecol Sci 25:106–108Google Scholar
- Razavi SM (2012) Chemical composition and some allelopathic aspects of essential oils of (Prangos ferulacea L.) Lindl at different stages of growth. J Agric Sci Technol 14:349–356Google Scholar
- Rokhfirooz G, Ghorbani J, Shokri M, Jafarian Jelodar Z (2011) Effect of rangeland rehabilitation and restoration on composition and diversity of species seeds in the soil. Iran J Range Desert Res 18:322–335Google Scholar
- Sadeghi S, Robati Z (2015) Response of Cichorium intybus L. to eight seed priming methods under osmotic stress conditions. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 4:443–448Google Scholar
- Taban A, Saharkhiz MJ (2015) Natural phytotoxic activity of water extracts and dried leaf powders of three Satureja species. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 4:594–602Google Scholar
- Wang JC, Wu Y, Wang Q, Peng YL, Par KW, Luo P, Wu N (2009) Allelopathic effects of Jatropha curcas on marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Allelopathy J 24:123–130Google Scholar