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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 36, Issue 10, pp 2537–2546 | Cite as

Salicylic acid and photosynthesis: signalling and effects

  • Tibor JandaEmail author
  • Orsolya Kinga Gondor
  • Rusina Yordanova
  • Gabriella Szalai
  • Magda Pál
Review

Abstract

Salicylic acid (SA) is a well-known signalling molecule playing a role in local and systemic acquired resistance against pathogens as well as in acclimation to certain abiotic stressors. As a stress-related signalling compound, it may directly or indirectly affect various physiological processes, including photosynthesis. The effects of exogenously applied SA on plant physiological processes under optimal environmental conditions are controversial. Several studies suggest that SA may have a positive effect on germination or plant growth in various plant species. However, SA may also act as a stress factor, having a negative influence on various physiological processes. Its mode of action depends greatly on several factors, such as the plant species, the environmental conditions (light, temperature, etc.) and the concentration. Exogenous SA may also alleviate the damaging effects of various stress factors, and this protection may also be manifested as higher photosynthetic capacity. Unfavourable environmental conditions have also been shown to increase the endogenous SA level in plants. Recent results strongly suggest that controlled SA levels are important in plants for optimal photosynthetic performance and for acclimation to changing environmental stimuli. The present review discusses the effects of exogenous and endogenous SA on the photosynthetic processes under optimal and stress conditions.

Keywords

Fluorescence quenching Net photosynthesis Oxidative stress Salicylic acid Stomatal conductivity Stress responses 

Abbreviations

CA

Cinnamic acid

Ci

Intercellular CO2 concentration

Fm

Maximum chlorophyll-a fluorescence at dark-adapted state

Fv

Variable chlorophyll-a fluorescence at dark-adapted state

gs

Stomatal conductivity

ICS

Isochorismate synthase

NPQ

Non-photochemical fluorescence quenching

oHCA

ortho-Hydroxycinnamic acid

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PEPC

Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase

PN

Net photosynthetic rate

PS

Photosystem

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

TL

Thermoluminescence

ΦPSII

Actual photochemical efficiency of PSII

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Hungarian National Research Fund (OTKA PD 83840; K 108838/108834). Magda Pál is a grantee of János Bolyai scholarship.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tibor Janda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Orsolya Kinga Gondor
    • 1
  • Rusina Yordanova
    • 2
  • Gabriella Szalai
    • 1
  • Magda Pál
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Agricultural Research, Agricultural InstituteHungarian Academy of SciencesMartonvásárHungary
  2. 2.Institute of Plant Physiology and GeneticsBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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