Functional male sterility in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and its application in hybrid seed production

Abstract

Advantages and disadvantages in using functional male sterility (positional sterile — ps, positional sterile 2 — ps 2, and excerted stigma — ex) in tomato hybrid seed production and attempts to elaborate systems for their more efficacious use in breeding were discussed in this review. It was concluded that the application of one of these types of sterility, (ps 2) in practice, although in a limited number of countries, showed the functional male sterility in tomato was a potential not to be underestimated in developing approaches that aimed at reducting the time and cost associated with hybrid seed production.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Atanassova B. 1991. Linkage studies of the “positional sterility-2” mutant in tomato. J. Genetics & Breeding 45: 293–296.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Atanassova B. 1999. Functional male sterility (ps 2) in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and its application in breeding and hybrid seed production. Euphytica, 107: 13–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Atanassova B., Georgiev, Hr. 1986. Investigation of tomato male sterile lines in relation to hybrid seed production. Acta Horticulturae 190: 553–557.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Atanassova B., Antcheva M., Markova M., E. Molle E. 1993. Attempt to map loci contributing to low level stigma character in tomato on chromosome 2 using isozyme marker. Proc of the XIIth Eucarpia Meeting on tomato genetics and breeding, Plovdiv, July, 27, 31: 101–105.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Dorossiev L. 1970. A new long-style mutant in the tomato variety Rutgers. Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Agric. Bulg., 3: 15–18.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Dorossiev L. 1976. Use of mutant forms in the development of lines for tomato hybrid seed production. Proc. “Experimental mutagenesis in plants”. Varna, October 14, 17: 370–375.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Georgiev Hr. 1991. Heterosis in tomato breeding. In “Genetic improvement of tomato”, ed. Prof. Kalloo, Springer-Verlag: 83–98.

  8. Georgiev Hr., Atanassova, B. 1977. Manifestation of exserted stigma in F1 tomato hybrids. Genet. and Plant Breed., 10, 4: 266–271. (in Bulgarian)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Georgiev Hr., Atanassova B. 1981. Positional male sterile line tomatoes ps 2 with a low level stigma. Compt. Rend. Acad. Bulg. Sci., 34: 423–424.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Gorman S.W., S. McCormick 1997. Male sterility in tomato. Crit. Rev. Plant. Sci., 16 1: 31–53.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Honma S., Bucovac M.J. 1966. Inheritance of gibberellin induced heterostyly in tomato. Euphytica 15: 362–364.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Kaul M.L.H. 1987. Male sterility in higher plants. Monograph of Theoret. and Appl. Genet., Springer-Verlag 1005 pp.

  13. Larson R.E., Paur S. 1948. The description and the inheritance of a functional sterile flower mutant in tomato and its probable value in hybrid tomato seed production. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci.: 355–364.

  14. Nickeson R.L. 1957. Selection for combining ability in a male sterile tomato line having two recessive seedling genes. Diss. Abstr., 17, Publ. No. 22, 471: 1876.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Oryol L.I., Zhakova M.A. 1977. The mechanism of anther dehiscence of tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill (Solanaceae). Bot. J., LXII, 12: 1720–1730. (in Russian).

    Google Scholar 

  16. Philouze J. 1978. Percentage of selfing in a female ps 2 line used for the production of hybrid seed. Rep. TGC, 28: 13–15.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Rick C.M. 1945. Field identification of genetically male sterile tomato plants to use in producing F1 tomato seeds. Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 46: 277–283.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Rick C.M., Robinson J. 1951. Inherited defects of floral structure affecting fruitfulness in Lycopersicon esculentum. Am. J. Bot. 38: 639–652.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Sawhney V.K. 1994. Genetic male sterility in tomato and its manipulation in breeding. In “Genetic control of self-incompatibility and reproductive development in flowering plants”, eds. E. G. Williams et al., Kluwer Acad. Publ.: 443–458.

  20. Simonov A.A. 1967. Obtaining sterile counterparts in tomato by backcrossing. Dokl. Akad. Selskhoz. Nauk 12: 13–16. (in Russian).

    Google Scholar 

  21. Smith J.W. 1966. A new tomato root-stock seed parent. Euphytica 15: 395–404.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Singh J.P., Gill H.S., Tewari R.N. 1966. Induction of closed anther character in tomato cultivars Pusa Ruby, Money Maker and Sioux. Curr. Sci., 35: 292

    Google Scholar 

  23. Stevens M.A., C.M. Rick C.M. 1986. Genetics and breeding. In “The tomato crop”. Ed. J.G. Atherton and J. Rudich, Chapman and Hall: 80–85.

  24. Takhur M.R. 1970. Environmental and genetic control of heterostyly in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Dissertation, Ohio State Univ.

  25. Tronickova E. 1962. New type of functional male sterility in tomato. Ved. Prace Vysk. Ust. Rostl. Vyr. Praha-Ruzine, 6: 29–39 (in Czech).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Atanassova, B. Functional male sterility in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and its application in hybrid seed production. Acta Physiol Plant 22, 221–225 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-000-0015-4

Download citation

Key words

  • functional male sterility
  • hybrid seed production
  • tomato
  • Lycopersicon esculentum