L’hypnose médicale dans la gestion de la douleur chronique

Medical hypnosis in chronic pain management

Résumé

L’intérêt pour l’hypnose dans la gestion de la douleur chronique a augmenté ces dernières années, et plusieurs études ont montré que l’hypnose permet une diminution significative de la douleur chronique. Toutefois, l’on retrouve certains biais méthodologiques dans la plupart de ces études. Premièrement, il existe un manque de standardisation des protocoles hypnotiques utilisés. Deuxièmement, il n’existe pas de données permettant de déterminer précisément le profil clinique des patients répondeurs à l’hypnose. Troisièmement, l’efficacité de l’autohypnose a été peu étudiée. Enfin, il y a peu de données concernant les effets positifs de l’hypnose audelà de la réduction de la douleur. D’autres recherches s’avèrent nécessaires pour évaluer pleinement l’efficacité de l’hypnose dans la gestion de la douleur chronique.

Abstract

Interest in hypnosis for chronic pain management has increased in recent years and several studies have indicated that hypnosis interventions produce a significant decrease in chronic pain. However, there are a number of basic research weaknesses throughout most of these reports. First, there was a lack of standardization of the hypnotic interventions. Second, no data were available to determine precisely a clinical profile of responders to hypnosis. Third, the efficacy of self-hypnosis benefits has poorly been investigated. However, there are few data about the positive effects of hypnosis beyond pain reduction and so continuous research will be needed to fully evaluate the efficacy of hypnosis in chronic pain management.

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Correspondence to G. Tosti.

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Tosti, G. L’hypnose médicale dans la gestion de la douleur chronique. Douleur analg 30, 217–222 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11724-017-0531-2

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Mots clés

  • Hypnose
  • Douleur chronique
  • Autohypnose
  • Traitement complémentaire de la douleur

Keywords

  • Hypnosis
  • Chronic pain
  • Self-hypnosis
  • Additional pain treatment