Skip to main content

Urban design based on public safety—Discussion on safety-based urban design


Because of public safety problems in construction of urban surroundings, this paper expounds the necessity of the study on public safety-based urban design in perspective of modern city. It brings forward the concept of safety-based urban design and attempts to explore the basic connotation and contents with framework for studies.


  1. 1.

    Zhang Hanqing, Dai Shenzhi. Literature review of safety research in urban planning. Urban Planning Forum, 2005, (2): 38–44 (in Chinese)

  2. 2.

    Wang Jianguo. Urban Design. 2nd ed. Nanjing: Southeast University Press, 2004 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zhang Min. Thoughts based on the disaster-prevention and-mitigation in the cities overseas. Planners, 2000, (2): 101–104 (in Chinese)

  4. 4.

    Lang J. Imagery and habitability in urban design: can these two functions be reconciled? City Planning Review, 2005, (2): 27–32 (in Chinese)

  5. 5.

    Lynch K. The Image of the City. Translated by Fang Yiping and He Xiaojun. Beijing: Huaxia Press, 2001, 3–12 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Wang Li, Wang Xingzhong. The perceived security-space of Chinese metropolis: a case study of Xi’an. Modern Urban Research, 2003, (5): 17–24 (in Chinese)

  7. 7.

    He Zhende, Jin Lei. Conspectus on Urban Disasters. Tianjin: Tianjin University Press, 2005, 172 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Asami Y. Residential Environment: Methods and Theory for Evaluation. Translated by Gao Xiaolu, Zhang Wenzhong, Li Xu, Ma Yajie, Guan Yuntao, Wang Maojun. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2006 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Huang Jianzhong. The Development of Metropolitan Land-use and the Mode of Passenger Traffic. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2006, 150–156 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Jacobs J. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Translated by Jin Hengshan. Nanjing: Yilin Press, 2005 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Newman O. Defensible Space: Crime Prevention through Urban Design. NY: Macmillian, 1972

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    American Planning Association. Planning and Urban Design Standard. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2006

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Carolyn W. Safer space in Toronto. Translated by Yan Ning. Urban Planning Overseas, 2005, (2): 58–61 (in Chinese)

  14. 14.

    Office of the Deputy Prime Minister of the U.K. Safer places: the planning system and crime prevention [EB/OL]. [2006-10-08]. http://www.

  15. 15.

    Zhang Tingwei. What can planners do while facing the terrorist attack? Urban Planning Forum, 2002, (2): 37–39 (in Chinese)

  16. 16.

    National Capital Planning Commission. The national capital urban design and security plan [EB/OL]. [2005-09-19].

  17. 17.

    Geis D E. By design: the disaster resistant and quality-of-life community. The Journal of Natural Hazards Review, 2000, (3): 1–23

  18. 18.

    National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) Steering Committee. Designing for tsunamis: seven principles for planning and designing for tsunami hazards [EB/OL]. [2007-07-27].,%20Designing%20for%20/$file/DesignForTsunamis.pdf

  19. 19.

    Bureau of Urban Development Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Planning of Tokyo: urban disaster prevention [EB/OL]. [2007-08-03].

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kaizhen Cai.

Additional information


Translated from Architecture Journal, 2008, (5): 38–42 [译自: 建筑学报]

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Cai, K., Wang, J. Urban design based on public safety—Discussion on safety-based urban design. Front. Archit. Civ. Eng. China 3, 219–227 (2009).

Download citation


  • urban public safety
  • urban design
  • safety-based urban design