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Control of wind-induced vibration of long-span bridges and tall buildings

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Abstract

With the rapid increase in scales of structures, research on controlling wind-induced vibration of large-scale structures, such as long-span bridges and super-tall buildings, has been an issue of great concern. For wind-induced vibration of large-scale structures, vibration frequencies and damping modes vary with wind speed. Passive, semiactive, and active control strategies are developed to improve the wind-resistance performance of the structures in this paper. The multiple tuned mass damper (MTMD) system is applied to control vertical bending buffeting response. A new semiactive lever-type tuned mass damper (TMD) with an adjustable frequency is proposed to control vertical bending buffeting and torsional buffeting and flutter in the whole velocity range of bridge decks. A control strategy named sinusoidal reference strategy is developed for adaptive control of wind-induced vibration of super-tall buildings. Multiple degrees of freedom general building aeroelastic model with a square cross-section is tested in a wind tunnel. The results demonstrate that the proposed strategies can reduce vibration effectively, and can adapt to wind-induced vibration control of large-scale structures in the uncertain dynamic circumstance.

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Correspondence to Ming Gu.

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Gu, M. Control of wind-induced vibration of long-span bridges and tall buildings. Front. Archit. Civ. Eng. China 1, 51–62 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-007-0005-3

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Keywords

  • long-span bridge
  • tall building
  • wind-induced vibration
  • tuned mass damper(TMD)
  • multiple tuned mass damper (MTMD)
  • semiactive tuned mass damper
  • adaptive feedforward
  • sinusoidal reference strategy
  • wind tunnel test