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Progress and prospect of hydrate-based desalination technology

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Abstract

With the continuous growth of the population and the improvement of production, the shortage of freshwater has plagued many countries. The use of novel technologies such as desalination to produce fresh water on a large scale has become inevitable in the world. Hydrate-based desalination (HBD) technology has drawn an increasing amount of attention due to its mild operation condition and environmental friendliness. In this paper, literature on hydrate-based desalination is comprehensively analyzed and critically evaluated, focuses on experimental progress in different hydrate formers that have an impact on thermodynamics and dynamics in hydrate formation. Besides, various porous media promotion is investigated. Besides, the hydrate formation morphology and hydrate crystal structure with different hydrate formers are analyzed and compared. Moreover, molecular dynamic simulation is discussed to further understand microscopic information of hydrate formation. Furthermore, simulations of the HBD process by considering the energy consumption are also investigated. In conclusion, the hydrated based desalination is a potential technology to get fresh water in a sustainable way.

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Abbreviations

APG:

Alkyl polyglycoside

CP:

Cyclopentane

ColdEn-HyDesal:

HBD using LNG cold energy

FCI:

Fixed capital investment

HBD:

Hydrated-based desalination

HBGS:

Hydrate-based gas separation

HyDesal:

Hydrate-based desalination

LNG:

Lliquefied natural gas

LCOW:

Levelized cost of water

MD:

Molecular dynamic

SDS:

Sodium dodecyl sulfate

SDBS:

Sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate

THF:

Tetrahydrofuran

TBAB:

Tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide

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Zhang, J., Chen, S., Mao, N. et al. Progress and prospect of hydrate-based desalination technology. Front. Energy 16, 445–459 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11708-021-0740-5

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