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Frontiers in Energy

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 97–108 | Cite as

Nanostructural thermoelectric materials and their performance

Review Article
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Abstract

In this review, an attempt was made to introduce the traditional concepts and materials in thermoelectric application and the recent development in searching high-performance thermoelectric materials. Due to the use of nanostructural engineering, thermoelectric materials with a high figure of merit are designed, leading to their blooming application in the energy field. One dimensional nanotubes and nanoribbons, two-dimensional planner structures, nanocomposites, and heterostructures were summarized. In addition, the state-of-the-art theoretical calculation in the prediction of thermoelectric materials was also reviewed, including the molecular dynamics (MD), Boltzmann transport equation, and non-equilibrium Green’s function. The combination of experimental fabrication and first-principles prediction significantly promotes the discovery of new promising candidates in the thermoelectric field.

Keywords

nanostructural low-dimensional thermoelectric material figure of merit first-principles 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51676212) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities are gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologySun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Centre for Advanced Thermal Control Material and System Integration (ATCMSI)GuangzhouChina

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