Frontiers of Earth Science

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 717–730 | Cite as

Inventory of CO2 emissions driven by energy consumption in Hubei Province: a time-series energy input-output analysis

  • Jiashuo Li
  • Ran Luo
  • Qing YangEmail author
  • Haiping Yang
Research Article


Based on an input-output analysis, this paper compiles inventories of fuel-related CO2 emissions of Hubei economy in the years of 2002, 2005, and 2007. Results show that calculated total direct CO2 emissions rose from 114,462.69 kt (2002) to 196,650.31 kt (2005), reaching 210,419.93 kt in 2007, with an average 22.50% rate of increase. Raw coal was the dominant source of the direct emissions throughout the three years. The sector of Electric Power, Heat Production, and Supply was the main direct emissions contributor, with the largest intensities observed from 2002 (1192.97 g/CNY) to 2007 (1739.15 g/ CNY). From the industrial perspective, the secondary industry, which is characterized as manufacture of finished products, was still the pillar of the Hubei economy during this period concerned, contributing more than 80% of the total direct emissions. As a net exporter of embodied CO2 emissions in 2002 and 2007, Hubei reported net-exported emissions of 4109.00 kt and 17,871.77 kt respectively; however, Hubei was once a net importer of CO2 emissions in 2005 (2511.93 kt). The CO2 emissions embodied in export and fixed capital formation had the two leading fractions of emissions embodied in the final use. The corresponding countermeasures, such as promoting renewable and clean energy and properly reducing the exports of low value added and carbon-intensive products are suggestions for reducing CO2 emissions in Hubei.


input-output analysis fuel-related CO2 emissions Hubei Province 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of New Energy Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power EngineeringHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.National Laboratory of Coal CombustionHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of Energy and Power EngineeringHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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