Frontiers of Earth Science

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 271–281 | Cite as

Skill-assessments of statistical and Ensemble Kalman Filter data assimilative analyses using surface and deep observations in the Gulf of Mexico

  • Zhibin SunEmail author
  • Lie-Yauw Oey
  • Yi-Hui Zhou
Research Article


A new data assimilation algorithm (Quasi-EnKF) in ocean modeling, based on the Ensemble Kalman Filter scheme, is proposed in this paper. This algorithm assimilates not only surface measurements (sea surface height), but also deep (∼2000 m) temperature observations from the Gulf of Mexico into regional ocean models. With the use of the Princeton Ocean Model (POM), integrated for approximately two years by assimilating both surface and deep observations, this new algorithm was compared to an existing assimilation algorithm (Mellor-Ezer Scheme) at different resolutions. The results show that, by comparing the observations, the new algorithm outperforms the existing one.


data assimilation deep observation Gulf of Mexico 


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© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universities Space Research AssociationColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Sayre Hall, Forrestal CampusPrinceton University, AOSPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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