Advertisement

Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 147–155 | Cite as

High performance sandwich structured Si thin film anodes with LiPON coating

  • Xinyi Luo
  • Jialiang Lang
  • Shasha Lv
  • Zhengcao Li
Research Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

The sandwich structured silicon thin film anodes with lithium phosphorus oxynitride (LiPON) coating are synthesized via the radio frequency magnetron sputtering method, whereas the thicknesses of both layers are in the nanometer range, i.e. between 50 and 200 nm. In this sandwich structure, the separator simultaneously functions as a flexible substrate, while the LiPON layer is regarded as a protective layer. This sandwich structure combines the advantages of flexible substrate, which can help silicon release the compressive stress, and the LiPON coating, which can provide a stable artificial solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) film on the electrode. As a result, the silicon anodes are protected well, and the cells exhibit high reversible capacity, excellent cycling stability and good rate capability. All the results demonstrate that this sandwich structure can be a promising option for high performance Si thin film lithium ion batteries.

Keywords

sandwich anode LiPON coating flexible substrate silicon anode 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (under Grant No. 61176003).

References

  1. [1]
    Chan C K, Peng H, Liu G, et al. High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires. Nature Nanotechnology, 2008, 3 (1): 31–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Zhou X S, Yu L, Yu X Y, et al. Encapsulating Sn nanoparticles in amorphous carbon nanotubes for enhanced lithium storage properties. Advanced Energy Materials, 2016, 6(22): 1601177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Zhou X, Yu L, Lou X W. Nanowire-templated formation of SnO2/carbon nanotubes with enhanced lithium storage properties. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(15): 8384–8389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Mo R, Tung S O, Lei Z, et al. Pushing the limits: 3D layer-by-layer assembled composites for cathodes with 160C discharge rates. ACS Nano, 2015, 9(5): 5009–5017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Zhou X, Dai Z, Liu S, et al. Ultra-uniform SnOx/carbon nanohybrids toward advanced lithium-ion battery anodes. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(23): 3943–3949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ge M, Rong J, Fang X, et al. Porous doped silicon nanowires for lithium ion battery anode with long cycle life. Nano Letters, 2012, 12(5): 2318–2323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Chang J, Huang X, Zhou G, et al. Multilayered Si nanoparticle/reduced graphene oxide hybrid as a high-performance lithium-ion battery anode. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(5): 758–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Wu H, Cui Y. Designing nanostructured Si anodes for high energy lithium ion batteries. Nano Today, 2012, 7(5): 414–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Kim H, Seo M, Park M H, et al. A critical size of silicon nanoanodes for lithium rechargeable batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2010, 49(12): 2146–2149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Chen J, Yang L, Rousidan S, et al. Facile fabrication of Si mesoporous nanowires for high-capacity and long-life lithium storage. Nanoscale, 2013, 5(21): 10623–10628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Jing S, Jiang H, Hu Y, et al. Directly grown Si nanowire arrays on Cu foam with a coral-like surface for lithium-ion batteries. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(23): 14441–14445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Wang H, Song H, Lin Z, et al. Highly cross-linked Cu/a-Si core–shell nanowires for ultra-long cycle life and high rate lithium batteries. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(5): 2613–2619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Hao Q, Zhao D, Duan H, et al. Si/Ag composite with bimodal micro-nano porous structure as a high-performance anode for Liion batteries. Nanoscale, 2015, 7(12): 5320–5327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Kim H, Huang X K, Wen Z H, et al. Novel hybrid Si film/carbon nanofibers as anode materials in lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2015, 3(5): 1947–1952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Liu L, Lyu J, Li T, et al. Well-constructed silicon-based materials as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(2): 701–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Zhao C, Luo X, Chen C, et al. Sandwich electrode designed for high performance lithium-ion battery. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(18): 9511–9516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Yu C J, Li X, Ma T, et al. Silicon thin films as anodes for highperformance lithium-ion batteries with effective stress relaxation. Advanced Energy Materials, 2012, 2(1): 68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Wu H, Chan G, Choi J W, et al. Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid-electrolyte interphase control. Nature Nanotechnology, 2012, 7(5): 310–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Xiao X, Lu P, Ahn D. Ultrathin multifunctional oxide coatings for lithium ion batteries. Advanced Materials, 2011, 23(34): 3911–3915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Guo S, Li H, Bai H, et al. Ti/Si/Ti sandwich-like thin film as the anode of lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 2014, 248: 1141–1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Sun F, Huang K, Qi X, et al. A rationally designed composite of alternating strata of Si nanoparticles and graphene: a highperformance lithium-ion battery anode. Nanoscale, 2013, 5(18): 8586–8592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Cras F L, Pecquenard B, Dubois V, et al. All-solid-state lithiumion microbatteries using silicon nanofilm anodes: high performance and memory effect. Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5 (19): 1501061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Li J, Dudney N J, Nanda J, et al. Artificial solid electrolyte interphase to address the electrochemical degradation of silicon electrodes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6(13): 10083–10088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Liao J, Li Z, Wang G, et al. ZnO nanorod/porous silicon nanowire hybrid structures as highly-sensitive NO2 gas sensors at room temperature. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2016, 18(6): 4835–4841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Wang G, Li Z, Li M, et al. Enhanced field-emission of silver nanoparticle-graphene oxide decorated ZnO nanowire arrays. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2015, 17(47): 31822–31829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Lv S, Li Z, Chen C, et al. Enhanced field emission performance of hierarchical ZnO/Si nanotrees with spatially branched heteroassemblies. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7(24): 13564–13568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Yang Y, Wang Z X, Zhou R, et al. Effects of lithium fluoride coating on the performance of nano-silicon as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Materials Letters, 2016, 184: 65–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Liu Y X, Si L, Du Y C, et al. Strongly bonded selenium/microporous carbon nanofibers composite as a high-performance cathode for lithium-selenium batteries. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119(49): 27316–27321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Ruffo R, Hong S S, Chan C K, et al. Impedance analysis of silicon nanowire lithium ion battery anodes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2009, 113(26): 11390–11398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Herbert E G, Tenhaeff W E, Dudney N J, et al. Mechanical characterization of LiPON films using nanoindentation. Thin Solid Films, 2011, 520(1): 413–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Fedorchenko A I, Wang A B, Cheng H H. Thickness dependence of nanofilm elastic modulus. Applied Physics Letters, 2009, 94 (15): 152111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Choi J Y, Lee D J, Lee Y M, et al. Silicon nanofibrils on a flexible current collector for bendable lithium-ion battery anodes. Advanced Functional Materials, 2013, 23(17): 2108–2114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Cho J H, Picraux S T. Enhanced lithium ion battery cycling of silicon nanowire anodes by template growth to eliminate silicon underlayer islands. Nano Letters, 2013, 13(11): 5740–5747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Fu K, Xue L G, Yildiz O, et al. Effect of CVD carbon coatings on Si@CNF composite as anode for lithium-ion batteries. Nano Energy, 2013, 2(5): 976–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Cui L F, Hu L, Choi J W, et al. Light-weight free-standing carbon nanotube-silicon films for anodes of lithium ion batteries. ACS Nano, 2010, 4(7): 3671–3678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Zhu Y, Liu W, Zhang X, et al. Directing silicon-graphene self-assembly as a core/shell anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Langmuir, 2013, 29(2): 744–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Wu H, Zheng G, Liu N, et al. Engineering empty space between Si nanoparticles for lithium-ion battery anodes. Nano Letters, 2012, 12(2): 904–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Liu B, Soares P, Checkles C, et al. Three-dimensional hierarchical ternary nanostructures for high-performance Li-ion battery anodes. Nano Letters, 2013, 13(7): 3414–3419CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinyi Luo
    • 1
  • Jialiang Lang
    • 1
  • Shasha Lv
    • 1
  • Zhengcao Li
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials (MOE), School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations