Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 1–20 | Cite as

Graphene: from synthesis to engineering to biosensor applications

  • Jagpreet Singh
  • Aditi Rathi
  • Mohit Rawat
  • Manoj Gupta
Review Article


Graphene is a fascinating material of recent origin whose first isolation was being made possible through micromechanical cleavage of a graphite crystal. Owing to its fascinating properties, graphene has garnered significant attention in the research community for multiple applications. A number of methods have been employed for the synthesis of single-layer and multi-layer graphene. The extraordinary properties of graphene such as its Hall effect at room temperature, high surface area, tunable bandgap, high charge mobility and excellent electrical, conducting and thermal properties allow for the development of sensors of various types and also opened the doors for its use in nanoelectronics, supercapacitors and batteries. Biological aspects of graphene have also been investigated with particular emphasis on its toxicity and drug delivery. In this review, many of the salient aspects of graphene, such as from synthesis to its applications, primarily focusing on sensor applications which are of current interest, are covered.


graphene nanoelectronics Hall effect tunable bandgap supercapacitors sensors catalysis 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagpreet Singh
    • 1
  • Aditi Rathi
    • 2
  • Mohit Rawat
    • 1
  • Manoj Gupta
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NanotechnologySri Guru Granth Sahib World UniversityFatehgarh SahibIndia
  2. 2.Intelligent Material Pvt. Ltd. (Nanoshel LLC)DerabassiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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