Advertisement

Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 130–138 | Cite as

Environmentally benign chitosan as reductant and supporter for synthesis of Ag/AgCl/chitosan composites by one-step and their photocatalytic degradation performance under visible-light irradiation

  • Hao Wang
  • Yuhan Wu
  • Pengcheng Wu
  • Shanshan Chen
  • Xuhong Guo
  • Guihua Meng
  • Banghua Peng
  • Jianning Wu
  • Zhiyong Liu
Research Article

Abstract

A novel Ag/AgCl/chitosan composite photocatalyst was successfully prepared by a simple one-step method. During this progress, environmentally benign chitosan not only served as reductant to reduce Ag+ to Ag0 species, but also acted as supporter for Ag/AgCl nanoparticles. XRD, SEM, EDX, UV-vis DRS and XPS were employed to characterize the as-prepared simples. SEM images of Ag/AgCl/chitosan composites revealed that Ag/AgCl nanoparticles were successfully loaded onto chitosan without obvious aggregation. All Ag/AgCl/chitosan composites exhibited efficient photocatalytic activity for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under visible-light irradiation. The result of photocatalytic degradation experiment indicated that 20% of the mass ratio of AgCl to chitosan was the optimum, and after 40 min photocatalytic reaction, the degradation rate reached about 96%.

Keywords

Ag/AgCl surface plasmon resonance one-step chitosan photocatalysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21367022 and 51662036) and Bingtuan Innovation Team in Key Areas (2015BD003).

References

  1. [1]
    Sun L, Zhang R, Wang Y, et al. Plasmonic Ag@AgCl nanotubes fabricated from copper nanowires as high-performance visible light photocatalyst. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6(17): 14819–14826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Li W, Ma Z, Bai G, et al. Dopamine-assisted one-step fabrication of Ag@AgCl nanophotocatalyst with tunable morphology, composition and improved photocatalytic performance. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2015, 174–175: 43–48Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    An C, Ming X, Wang J, et al. Construction of magnetic visiblelight- driven plasmonic Fe3O4@SiO2@AgCl:Ag nanophotocatalyst. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2012, 22(11): 5171–5176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Zhang S, Fan Q, Gao H, et al. Formation of Fe3O4@MnO2 ball-inball hollow spheres as a high performance catalyst for enhanced catalytic performances. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2016, 4(4): 1414–1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Huang H, Li X, Wang J, et al. Anionic group self-doping as a promising strategy: band-gap engineering and multi-functional applications of high-performance CO3 2–-doped Bi2O2CO3. ACS Catalysis, 2015, 5(7): 4094–4103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Tian B, Dong R, Zhang J, et al. Sandwich-structured AgCl@Ag@TiO2 with excellent visible-light photocatalytic activity for organic pollutant degradation and E. coli K12 inactivation. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2014, 158–159: 76–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Zhang S, Li J, Wang X, et al. In situ ion exchange synthesis of strongly coupled Ag@AgCl/g-C3N4 porous nanosheets as plasmonic photocatalyst for highly efficient visible-light photocatalysis. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6(24): 22116–22125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Shu J, Wang Z, Xia G, et al. One-pot synthesis of AgCl@Ag hybrid photocatalyst with high photocatalytic activity and photostability under visible light and sunlight irradiation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2014, 252: 374–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Shi H, Chen J, Li G, et al. Synthesis and characterization of novel plasmonic Ag/AgX–CNTs (X = Cl, Br, I) nanocomposite photocatalysts and synergetic degradation of organic pollutant under visible light. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2013, 5(15): 6959–6967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Jia C, Yang P, Huang B. Uniform Ag/AgCl necklace-like nanoheterostructures: fabrication and highly efficient plasmonic photocatalysis. ChemCatChem, 2014, 6(2): 611–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Sun L, Wang Y, Chen W. Synthesis of novel CaCO3/Ag2CO3/ AgI/Ag plasmonic photocatalyst with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Science China: Technological Sciences, 2015, 58(11): 1864–1870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Gao S T, Liu W H, Shang N Z, et al. Integration of a plasmonic semiconductor with a metal-organic framework: a case of Ag/ AgCl@ZIF-8 with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. RSC Advances, 2014, 4(106): 61736–61742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Sohrabnezhad Sh, Zanjanchi M A, Razavi M. Plasmon-assisted degradation of methylene blue with Ag/AgCl/montmorillonite nanocomposite under visible light. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2014, 130: 129–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Yu H, Miller C J, Ikeda-Ohno A, et al. Photodegradation of contaminants using Ag@AgCl/rGO assemblages: possibilities and limitations. Catalysis Today, 2014, 224: 122–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Hu C, Peng T, Hu X, et al. Plasmon-induced photodegradation of toxic pollutants with Ag–AgI/Al2O3 under visible-light irradiation. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2010, 132(2): 857–862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Zhou X, Hu C, Hu X, et al. Plasmon-assisted degradation of toxic pollutants with Ag–AgBr/Al2O3 under visible-light irradiation. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, 114(6): 2746–2750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Zhu H, Jiang R, Fu Y, et al. Effective photocatalytic decolorization of methyl orange utilizing TiO2/ZnO/chitosan nanocomposite films under simulated solar irradiation. Desalination, 2012, 286: 41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Wan Ngah W S, Teong L C, Hanafiah M A K M. Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: A review. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2011, 83(4): 1446–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kumar P S, Selvakumar M, Babu S G, et al. Novel CuO/chitosan nanocomposite thin film: facile hand-picking recoverable, efficient and reusable heterogeneous photocatalyst. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(71): 57493–57501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Zhu H, Jiang R, Xiao L, et al. Photocatalytic decolorization and degradation of Congo Red on innovative crosslinked chitosan/ nano-CdS composite catalyst under visible light irradiation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 169(1–3): 933–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Cao C, Xiao L, Liu L, et al. Visible-light photocatalytic decolorization of reactive brilliant red X-3B on Cu2O/crosslinked- chitosan nanocomposites prepared via one step process. Applied Surface Science, 2013, 271: 105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Mansur A A P, Mansur H S, Ramanery F P, et al. “Green” colloidal ZnS quantum dots/chitosan nano-photocatalysts for advanced oxidation processes: Study of the photodegradation of organic dye pollutants. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2014, 158–159: 269–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Wei D, Qian W. Facile synthesis of Ag and Au nanoparticles utilizing chitosan as a mediator agent. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2008, 62(1): 136–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Wei D, Ye Y, Jia X, et al. Chitosan as an active support for assembly of metal nanoparticles and application of the resultant bioconjugates in catalysis. Carbohydrate Research, 2010, 345(1): 74–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Wu Y, Wang Z, Chen S, et al. One-step hydrothermal synthesis of silver nanoparticles loaded on N-doped carbon and application for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(106): 87151–87156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Xu Y, Xu H, Yan J, et al. A novel visible-light-response plasmonic photocatalyst CNT/Ag/AgBr and its photocatalytic properties. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013, 15(16): 5821–5830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Min Y L, He G Q, Xu Q J, et al. Self-assembled encapsulation of graphene oxide/Ag@AgCl as a Z-scheme photocatalytic system for pollutant removal. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2014, 2(5): 1294–1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Yang Y, Zhang G. Preparation and photocatalytic properties of visible light driven Ag–AgBr/attapulgite nanocomposite. Applied Clay Science, 2012, 67–68: 11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Sun J, Zhang Y, Cheng J, et al. Synthesis of Ag/AgCl/Zn–Cr LDHs composite with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic performance. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2014, 382: 146–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Zhu H, Xiao L, Jiang R, et al. Efficient decolorization of azo dye solution by visible light-induced photocatalytic process using SnO2/ZnO heterojunction immobilized in chitosan matrix. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2011, 172(2–3): 746–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Zhang S, Li J,Wang X, et al. Rationally designed 1D Ag@AgVO3 nanowire/graphene/protonated g-C3N4 nanosheet heterojunctions for enhanced photocatalysis via electrostatic self-assembly and photochemical reduction methods. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2015, 3(18): 10119–10126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Wu Y, Chen S, Guo X, et al. Environmentally benign chitosan as precursor and reductant for synthesis of Ag/AgCl/N-doped carbon composite photocatalysts and their photocatalytic degradation performance. Research on Chemical Intermediates, 2016, doi:10.1007/s11164-016-2835-x (14 pages)Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Shen C C, Zhu Q, Zhao ZW, et al. Plasmon enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity of ternary Ag2MO2O7@AgBr–Ag rod-like heterostructures. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2015, 3(28): 14661–14668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Wu S Z, Li K, ZhangW D. On the heterostructured photocatalysts Ag3VO4/g-C3N4 with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Applied Surface Science, 2015, 324: 324–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Ye L, Liu J, Gong C, et al. Two different roles of metallic Ag on Ag/AgX/BiOX(X = Cl, Br) visible light photocatalysts: surface plasmon resonance and Z-scheme bridge. ACS Catalysis, 2012, 2(8): 1677–1683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Liang Y, Lin S, Hu J, et al. Facile hydrothermal synthesis of nanocomposite Ag@AgCl/K2Ti4O9 and photocatalytic degradation under visible light irradiation. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2014, 383–384: 231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Wang Y, Niu C, Wang L, et al. Synthesis of fern-like Ag/AgCl/ CaTiO3 plasmonic photocatalysts and their enhanced visible-light photocatalytic properties. RSC Advances, 2016, 6(53): 47873–47882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Hu P, Hu X, Chen C, et al. Biomaterial-assisted synthesis of AgCl@Ag concave cubes with efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity. CrystEngComm, 2014, 16(4): 649–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    An C, Peng S, Sun Y. Facile synthesis of sunlight-driven AgCl:Ag plasmonic nanophotocatalyst. Advanced Materials, 2010, 22(23): 2570–2574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Xue J, Ma S, Zhou Y, et al. Facile synthesis of Ag2O/N-doped helical carbon nanotubes with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(5): 3122–3129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Ma J, Zou J, Li L, et al. Synthesis and characterization of Ag3PO4 immobilized in bentonite for the sunlight-driven degradation of Orange II. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2013, 134–135: 1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Wang P, Huang B, Qin X, et al. Ag@AgCl: a highly efficient and stable photocatalyst active under visible light. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2008, 47(41): 7931–7933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Han C, Ge L, Chen C, et al. Site-selected synthesis of novel Ag@AgCl nanoframes with efficient visible light induced photocatalytic activity. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2014, 2(31): 12594–12600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    McEvoy J G, Cui W, Zhang Z, et al. Synthesis and characterization of Ag/AgCl–activated carbon composites for enhanced visible light photocatalysis. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2014, 144(2): 702–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Zhang Z, Zhai S, Wang M, et al. Photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B by using a nanocomposite of cuprous oxide, threedimensional reduced graphene oxide, and nanochitosan prepared via one-pot synthesis. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2016, 659: 101–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Wang
    • 1
  • Yuhan Wu
    • 1
  • Pengcheng Wu
    • 1
  • Shanshan Chen
    • 1
  • Xuhong Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guihua Meng
    • 1
  • Banghua Peng
    • 1
  • Jianning Wu
    • 1
  • Zhiyong Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry & Chemical EngineeringShihezi University/Key Laboratory of Green Processing for Chemical Engineering/Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region/Engineering Research Center of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang BingtuanShiheziChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Chemical EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations