Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 157–167 | Cite as

Tailoring properties of reticulated vitreous carbon foams with tunable density

  • Oleg SmorygoEmail author
  • Alexander Marukovich
  • Vitali Mikutski
  • Vassilis Stathopoulos
  • Siarhei Hryhoryeu
  • Vladislav Sadykov
Research Article


Reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) foams were manufactured by multiple replications of a polyurethane foam template structure using ethanolic solutions of phenolic resin. The aims were to create an algorithm of fine tuning the precursor foam density and ensure an open-cell reticulated porous structure in a wide density range. The precursor foams were pyrolyzed in inert atmospheres at 700°C, 1100°C and 2000°C, and RVC foams with fully open cells and tunable bulk densities within 0.09–0.42 g/cm3 were synthesized. The foams were characterized in terms of porous structure, carbon lattice parameters, mechanical properties, thermal conductivity, electric conductivity, and corrosive resistance. The reported manufacturing approach is suitable for designing the foam microstructure, including the strut design with a graded microstructure.


foam vitreous carbon reticulated cellular structure pyrolysis 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oleg Smorygo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander Marukovich
    • 1
  • Vitali Mikutski
    • 1
  • Vassilis Stathopoulos
    • 2
  • Siarhei Hryhoryeu
    • 3
  • Vladislav Sadykov
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Powder Metallurgy InstituteNational Academy of Sciences of BelarusMinskBelarus
  2. 2.Technological Educational Institute of Sterea ElladaPsahna EviasGreece
  3. 3.Belarusian National Technical UniversityMinskBelarus
  4. 4.Boreskov Institute of CatalysisSibrian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  5. 5.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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