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Superior performance in visible-light-driven hydrogen evolution reaction of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous SrTiO3 decorated with ZnxCd1−xS

Abstract

It is of broad interest to develop emerging photocatalysts with excellent light-harvesting capacity and high charge carrier separation efficiency for visible light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction. However, achieving satisfying hydrogen evolution efficiency under noble metal-free conditions remains challenging. In this study, we demonstrate the fabrication of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous SrTiO3 decorated with ZnxCd1xS nanoparticles for hydrogen production under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm). Synergetic enhancement of photocatalytic activity is achieved by the slow photon effect and improved separation efficiency of photogenerated charge carriers. The obtained composites could afford very high hydrogen production efficiencies up to 19.67 mmol·g−1·h−1, with an apparent quantum efficiency of 35.9% at 420 nm, which is 4.2 and 23.9 times higher than those of pure Zn0.5Cd0.5S (4.67 mmol·g−1·h−1) and CdS (0.82 mmol·g−1·h−1), respectively. In particular, under Pt-free conditions, an attractive hydrogen production rate (3.23 mmol·g−1·h−1) was achieved, providing a low-cost and high-efficiency strategy to produce hydrogen from water splitting. Moreover, the composites showed excellent stability, and no obvious loss in activity was observed after five cycling tests.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (Grant No. 17JCYBJC22600), Tianjin Development Program for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

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Correspondence to Kai Yu.

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11705_2021_2089_MOESM1_ESM.pdf

Superior performance in visible-light-driven hydrogen evolution reaction of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous SrTiO3 decorated with ZnxCd1−xS

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Quan, H., Qian, K., Xuan, Y. et al. Superior performance in visible-light-driven hydrogen evolution reaction of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous SrTiO3 decorated with ZnxCd1−xS. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng. 15, 1561–1571 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-021-2089-z

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Keywords

  • three-dimensionally ordered macroporous SrTiO3
  • ZnxCd1−xS
  • visible light
  • hydrogen production
  • promotion mechanism