Metal cation removal by P(VC-r-AA) copolymer ultrafiltration membranes
- 34 Downloads
A series of amphiphilic copolymers containing poly(vinyl chloride-r-acrylic acid) (P(VC-r-AA) ) was synthesized and used to prepare membranes via a nonsolvent induced phase separation method. The prepared membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and water contact angle and zeta potential measurements. The copolymer P(VC-r-AA) chains did not dissolved in a coagulation bath, indicating that the AA segments were completely retained within the membrane. Enriching degree of AA segments in surface layer was 2 for copolymer membrane. In addition, the introduction of AA segments made the membrane electronegative and hydrophilic so that the membrane was sensitive to the solution pH. The fouling resistance, adsorption of Cu(II), Cr(III) and Ce(IV) ions and the desorption properties of the membranes were also determined. The copolymer membranes exhibited good antifouling performance with a fouling reversibility of 92%. The membranes also had good adsorption capacities for Cu(II), Cr(III) and Ce(IV) ions. The optimal pH for Cu(II) adsorption was 6 and the copolymer membrane has potential applications for low concentration Cu(II) removal.
Keywordspoly(vinyl chloride-r-acrylic acid) negatively charged PVC membrane anti-fouling heavy metal adsorption Cu(II) removal
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This research was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Granted No. 2012AA03A602), the National Basic Research Program of China (Granted No. 2009CB623402) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20974094).
- 8.Zhang J, Xu Z, Mai W, Min C, Zhou B, Shan M, Li Y, Yang C, Wang Z, Qian X. Improved hydrophilicity, permeability, antifouling and mechanical performance of PVDF composite ultrafiltration membranes tailored by oxidized low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials. Journal of Materials Chemistry. A, Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2013, 1(9): 3101–3111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 31.Rabiee H, Shahabadi S, Mokhtare A, Rabiei H, Alvandifar N. Enhancement in permeation and antifouling properties of PVC ultrafiltration membranes with addition of hydrophilic surfactant additives: Tween-20 and Tween-80. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2016, 4(4): 4050–4061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 36.Schaefer J. Random monomer distributions in copolymers. Copolymerizations of ethylene-vinyl chloride and ethylene-vinyl acetate. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1966, 70(6): 1975–1985Google Scholar
- 38.Wang J S, Matyjaszewski K. Controlled/“living” radical polymerization. Atom transfer radical polymerization in the presence of transition-metal complexes. Macromolecules, 1995, 117(20): 127–134Google Scholar
- 42.Domenech-Carbo M T, Aura-Castro E. Evaluation of the phase inversion process as an application method for synthetic polymers in conservation work. Studies in Conservation, 1999, 44(1): 19–28Google Scholar