Remote heart rate measurement using low-cost RGB face video: a technical literature review

Abstract

Remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) allows remote measurement of the heart rate using low-cost RGB imaging equipment. In this study, we review the development of the field of rPPG since its emergence in 2008. We also classify existing rPPG approaches and derive a framework that provides an overview of modular steps. Based on this framework, practitioners can use our classification to design algorithms for an rPPG approach that suits their specific needs. Researchers can use the reviewed and classified algorithms as a starting point to improve particular features of an rPPG algorithm.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a fellowship within the FITweltweit programme of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

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Correspondence to Raymond Chiong.

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Philipp V. Rouast holds a BS degree in industrial engineering from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. As part of his MS, he is working on a real-time application of Remote Photoplethysmography at the University of Newcastle, Australia. His research interests include machine learning, computer vision and data analytics.

Marc T. P. Adam is a senior lecturer in information technology at the University of Newcastle, Australia. He received a Diploma in computer science from the University of Applied Sciences Würzburg, Germany, and a PhD in economics of information systems from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. In his research, he investigates the interplay of cognitive and affective processes of human users in electronic commerce.

Raymond Chiong is a senior lecturer at the University of Newcastle, Australia. He is also a guest research professor with the Center for Modern Information Management at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, and a visiting scholar with the Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, China. He obtained his PhD degree from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and an MS degree from the University of Birmingham, UK. His research interests include optimization, machine learning and data analytics. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Systems and Information Technology, an Editor of Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, and an Associate Editor of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine. To date, he has produced over 130 refereed publications.

David Cornforth received the BS degree in electrical and electronic engineering from Nottingham Trent University, UK in 1982, and the PhD degree in computer science from the University of Nottingham, UK in 1994. He has been an educator and researcher at Charles Sturt University, the University of New South Wales, and now at the University of Newcastle, Australia. He has also been a research scientist at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Newcastle, Australia. His research interests are in health information systems, pattern recognition, artificial intelligence, multi-agent simulation, and optimisation.

Ewa Lux is a PhD candidate at the Institute of Information Systems and Marketing, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. She received a Bachelor degree in business information systems from Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University, Germany in cooperation with the German Central Bank, and a Master degree in information engineering and management from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. Her research interest focuses on emotional processes of economic decision making in electronic markets.

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Rouast, P.V., Adam, M.T.P., Chiong, R. et al. Remote heart rate measurement using low-cost RGB face video: a technical literature review. Front. Comput. Sci. 12, 858–872 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11704-016-6243-6

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Keywords

  • affective computing
  • heart rate measurement
  • remote
  • non-contact
  • camera-based
  • photoplethysmography