Frontiers of Computer Science

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 61–74 | Cite as

ScenicPlanner: planning scenic travel routes leveraging heterogeneous user-generated digital footprints

  • Chao ChenEmail author
  • Xia Chen
  • Zhu Wang
  • Yasha Wang
  • Daqing Zhang
Research Article


To facilitate the travel preparation process to a city, a lot of work has been done to recommend a POI or a sequence of POIs automatically to satisfy users’ needs. However, most of the existing work ignores the issue of planning the detailed travel routes between POIs, leaving the task to online map services or commercial GPS navigators. Such a service or navigator in terms of suggesting the shortest travel distance or time, which cannot meet the diverse requirements of users. For instance, in the case of traveling by driving for leisure purpose, the scenic view along the travel routes would be of great importance to users, and a good planning service should put the sceneries of the route in higher priority rather than the distance or time taken. To this end, in this paper, we propose a novel framework called ScenicPlanner for route recommendation, leveraging a combination of geotagged image and check-in digital footprints from locationbased social networks (LBSNs). First, we enrich the road network and assign a proper scenic view score to each road segment to model the scenic road network, by extracting relevant information from geo-tagged images and check-ins. Then, we apply heuristic algorithms to iteratively add road segment and determine the travelling order of added road segments with the objective of maximizing the total scenic view score while satisfying the user-specified constraints (i.e., origin, destination and the total travel distance). Finally, to validate the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed framework, we conduct extensive experiments on three real-world data sets from the Bay Area in the city of San Francisco, which contain a road network crawled from OpenStreetMap, more than 31 000 geo-tagged images generated by 1 571 Flickr users in one year, and 110 214 check-ins left by 15 680 Foursquare users in six months.


scenic view travel route planning heterogeneous digital footprint 


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Chao Chen and Xia Chen contributed equally on this work. The work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61602067, 61402369 and 61572048), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (106112015CDJXY180001), Open Research Fund Program of Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Spatial Smart Sensing and Services (Shenzhen University), and Chongqing Basic and Frontier Research Program (cstc2015jcyjA00016).

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xia Chen
    • 2
  • Zhu Wang
    • 3
  • Yasha Wang
    • 4
  • Daqing Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Center of Chongqing Automotive Collaborative InnovationChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  3. 3.School of Computer ScienceNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  4. 4.School of Electronics Engineering and Computer SciencePeking UniversityBeijingChina

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