, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 1–28 | Cite as

The demographic transition: causes and consequences

  • Oded GalorEmail author
Original Paper


This paper develops the theoretical foundations and the testable implications of the various mechanisms that have been proposed as possible triggers for the demographic transition. Moreover, it examines the empirical validity of each of the theories and their significance for the understanding of the transition from stagnation to growth. The analysis suggests that the rise in the demand for human capital in the process of development was the main trigger for the decline in fertility and the transition to modern growth


Demographic transition Gender gap Human capital Fertility Mortality Unified growth theory 

JEL Classification

O10 J1 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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