Skip to main content
Log in

Using infrared luminescence to study crystal violet lactone in carbonless papers

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Chemical Papers Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The properties of crystal violet lactone (CVL), currently the most commonly used color developer in carbonless papers, were studied. The hypothesis that CVL exhibits different properties in the carbonless and in the office papers was verified, as well as the CVL´s ability to luminesce in the IR region. Furthermore, the impact of thermal and light aging on some physical and chemical properties of the copies was observed. The changes were monitored by observing the IR luminescence at several wavelength ranges. Visual, colorimetric and structure differences between the copies made on the carbonless and the office paper were analyzed. The surface structure of the carbonless paper was analyzed using SEM–EDS.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others

Data availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author.

Code availability

Not applicable for that section.


Download references


This work was founded by Scientific Grant Agency od The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic VEGA, Project No 1/0602/19.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Silvia Stašková.

Ethics declarations

Conflicts of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval

This manuscript does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Consent for publication

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Stašková, S., Reháková, M., Oravec, M. et al. Using infrared luminescence to study crystal violet lactone in carbonless papers. Chem. Pap. 75, 4099–4111 (2021).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: