Skip to main content
Log in

Chromolaena odorata extract as a green agent for the synthesis of Ag@AgCl nanoparticles inactivating bacterial pathogens

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Chemical Papers Aims and scope Submit manuscript


In this work, the green synthesis of silver-silver chloride nanoparticles (Ag@AgClNPs) has been used the plant leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata (C. odorata) as a reducing and capping agent. The effects of parameters on the formation of Ag@AgCl nanoparticles (Ag@AgClNPs such as the ratio of C. odorata raw material/water, the extraction temperature, the extraction duration, and the volume ratios of AgNO3 solution and C. odorata extract have been studied. The obtained Ag@AgClNPs sample was characterized by ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. UV–visible absorption studies revealed surface plasmon resonance peak around 420‒450 nm, confirming the presence of Ag@AgClNPs. The average particle size was approximately 15.2 nm. The antibacterial activity of Ag@AgClNPs was carried out by the agar well diffusion method and the determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration that showed high toxicity against the gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and the gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

Similar content being viewed by others


Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tri Nguyen.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Nguyen, DT., Duong, NL., Nguyen, VM. et al. Chromolaena odorata extract as a green agent for the synthesis of Ag@AgCl nanoparticles inactivating bacterial pathogens. Chem. Pap. 74, 1849–1857 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: