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Synthesis of N-unsubstituted cyclic imides from anhydride with urea in deep eutectic solvent (DES) choline chloride/urea

Abstract

N-Unsubstituted cyclic imides were readily synthesized in deep eutectic solvent (DES) choline chloride (ChCl)/urea from anhydrides with urea. Urea serves as both a DES component and a nitrogen source, which endows the protocol with advantages of smooth reaction, easy separation of products, simple recovery and recycling of ChCl/urea.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21776056).

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Correspondence to Yuecheng Zhang or Jiquan Zhao.

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Supplementary material: Electronic Supplementary Material associated with this article can be found in the online version of this paper (DOI: 10.1007/s11696-019-00969-6) 1 (DOCX 1078 kb)

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Liu, L., Zhang, HY., Yin, G. et al. Synthesis of N-unsubstituted cyclic imides from anhydride with urea in deep eutectic solvent (DES) choline chloride/urea. Chem. Pap. 74, 1351–1357 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-019-00969-6

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Keywords

  • N-Unsubstituted cyclic imides
  • Deep eutectic solvent
  • Choline chloride/urea
  • Anhydrides