This study elaborates on the use of calcined seashell powder (SP) for the precipitation of phosphate from solutions containing high concentrations of organic compounds. Precipitation of phosphate was carried out in pure phosphate solution containing 0.1, 0.5 or 1 g L−1 phosphate or pure phosphate solutions containing ethanol, propanol, propionic acid or lactic acid. The concentration of each organic compound was 1 M and the amount of calcined SP added to each batch was 2 g L−1. This amount of SP was sufficient to remove 0.5 g L−1 phosphate. Interestingly, at 1 g L−1 phosphate and in presence of propanol, propionic acid or lactic acid the precipitation was finished within 10 min. Contrarily, 120 min was needed in water or ethanol. In 1 M lactic acid and 0.1 or 0.5 g L−1 phosphate no or inhibited phosphate removal, respectively, was observed. The outcomes of this study revealed that organic acids and alcohols can have a positive or negative effect on the precipitation of phosphate. The effect is not only dependent on the organic compound, but also on the concentration of phosphate.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Dorozhkin SV (2016) Calcium orthophosphates (CaPO4): occurrence and properties. Prog Biomater 5:9–70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40204-015-0045-z
Ferguson JF, Jenkins D, Eastman J (1973) Calcium phosphate precipitation at slightly alkaline pH values. J Water Pollut Control Fed 45:620–631
Ferreira A, Oliveira C, Rocha F (2003) The different phases in the precipitation of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate. J Cryst Growth 252:599–611. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0248(03)00899-6
Guaya D, Hermassi M, Valderrama C, Farran A, Cortina JL (2016) Recovery of ammonium and phosphate from treated urban wastewater by using potassium clinoptilolite impregnated hydrated metal oxides as NPK fertilizer. J Environ Chem Eng 4:3519–3526
Hosni K, Ben Moussa S, Chachi A, Ben Amor M (2008) The removal of PO4−3 by calcium hydroxide from synthetic wastewater: optimisation of the operating conditions. Desalination 223:337–343
Ioku K (1998) Preparation and application of calcium phosphate fibers. In: Amjad Z (ed) Calcium phosphates in biological and industrial systems. Springer, US, pp 357–369. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5517-9_15
Jiang D, Amano Y, Machida M (2017) Removal and recovery of phosphate from water by calcium-silicate composites-novel adsorbents made from waste glass and shells. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 24:8210–8218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8503-x
Karunanithi R, Szogi A, Bolan NS, Naidu R, Ok YS, Krishnamurthy S, Seshadri B (2016) Phosphorus recovery from wastes. In: Prasad MNV, Shih K (eds) Environmental materials and waste. Academic Press, US, pp 687–705. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803837-6.00027-5
Le Corre KS, Valsami-Jones E, Hobbs P, Parsons SA (2009) Phosphorus recovery from wastewater by struvite crystallization: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 39:433–477. https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380701640573
López-Garzón CS, Straathof AJJ (2014) Recovery of carboxylic acids produced by fermentation. Biotechnol Adv 32:873–904. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2014.04.002
Mayer BK et al (2016) Total value of phosphorus recovery. Environ Sci Technol 50:6606–6620. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01239
Minakshi M et al (2018) Bio-waste chicken eggshells to store energy. Dalton Trans 47:16828–16834. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8dt03252a
Minakshi M et al (2019) Calcined chicken eggshell electrode for battery and supercapacitor applications. RSC Adv 9:26981–26995. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ra04289j
Mueller ND, Gerber JS, Johnston M, Ray DK, Ramankutty N, Foley JA (2012) Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature 490:254. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11420 (https://www.nature.com/articles/nature11420#supplementary-information)
Peinemann JC, Krenz LMM, Pleissner D (2019) Is seashell powder suitable for phosphate recovery from fermentation broth? New Biotechnol 49:43–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbt.2018.08.003
Ringeval B et al (2017) Phosphorus in agricultural soils: drivers of its distribution at the global scale. Glob Change Biol 23:3418–3432. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13618
Roques H, Nugroho-Jeudy L, Lebugle A (1991) Phosphorus removal from wastewater by half-burned dolomite. Water Res 25:959–965
Seckler MM, Bruinsma OSL, van Rosmalen GM (1998) Phosphate removal from wastewater. In: Amjad Z (ed) Calcium phosphates in biological and industrial systems. Springer, US, pp 465–477. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5517-9_20
Sharma VK, Johnsson M, Sallis JD, Nancollas GH (1992) Influence of citrate and phosphocitrate on the crystallization of octacalcium phosphate. Langmuir 8:676–679. https://doi.org/10.1021/la00038a062
Tangboriboon N, Kunanuruksapong R, Sirivat A (2012) Preparation and properties of calcium oxide from eggshells via calcination. Mater Sci Pol 30:313–322. https://doi.org/10.2478/s13536-012-0055-7
van der Houwen JAM, Valsami-Jones E (2001) The application of calcium phosphate precipitation chemistry to phosphorus recovery: the influence of organic ligands. Environ Technol 22:1325–1335. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332108618187
Wilfert P, Kumar PS, Korving L, Witkamp G-J, van Loosdrecht MC (2015) The relevance of phosphorus and iron chemistry to the recovery of phosphorus from wastewater: a review. Environ Sci Technol 49:9400–9414
Jan Christoph Peinemann was financially supported by the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Pleissner, D., Zaman, T. & Peinemann, J.C. The effect of organic acids and alcohols on precipitation of phosphate using calcined seashell powder. Chem. Pap. 74, 1211–1217 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-019-00966-9
- Phosphate minerals
- Resource recovery
- Waste utilization