Skip to main content

Synthesis of a magnetic core–shell carbon nanotube@MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotube composite

Abstract

In this paper, a magnetic core–shell composite with MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotubes as core and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as shell was synthesized by in situ growth of CNTs on the surface of MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotubes via a catalytic chemical vapor deposition method. The MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotubes were prepared using a mixed aqueous solution of Mg(NO3)2, Ni(NO3)2 and Fe(NO3)3 (molar ratio of 1:2:1) and anodic aluminum oxide as template. Both the growth temperature and time of CNTs brought about effect on the structure and magnetic property of the composite were investigated. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope, field emission scanning electron microscope, Raman spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. The MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotubes are parallel arranged, and the exterior surface of which is wrapped by CNTs when the growth temperature exceeding 480 °C. Magnetic measurement demonstrates the composite with higher growth temperature and shorter growth time possesses more excellent magnetic property.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Scheme 1
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Bethune DS, Kiang CH, Devries MS, Gorman G, Savoy R, Vazquez J, Beyers R (1993) Cobalt-catalysed growth of carbon nanotubes with single-atonic-layer walls. Nature 363:605–607. https://doi.org/10.1038/363605a0

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Cao Q, Rogers JA (2017) Ultrathin films of single-walled carbon nanotubes for electronics and sensors: a review of fundamental and applied aspects. Adv Mater 21:29–53. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200801995

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Chen JT, Zhang M, Russell TP (2007) Instabilities in nanoporous media. Nano Lett 7:183–187. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0621241

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Cheng Q, Liu YS, Wang GC, Liu HC, Jin MX, Li R (2019) Free vibration of a fluid-conveying nanotube constructed by carbon nanotube and boron nitride nanotube. Phys E 109:183–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2018.08.026

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Guo CH, Zhang ZJ, Quan LX (2019a) Study of the preparation and properties of 0.5 vol% Ni-CNTs/Cu nanocomposites with magnetic alignment. J Alloys Compd 781:261–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.12.028

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Guo ML, Gao HX, Huang W, Wang JQ, Liu Z, Zhan CH, Ding L, Tu JC (2019b) Microwave-assisted rapid synthesis of NiCo2S4 nanotube arrays on Ni foam for high-cycling-stability supercapacitors. J Alloys Compd 780:164–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.11.340

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Hoecker C, Smail F, Pick M, Boies A (2017) The influence of carbon source and catalyst nanoparticles on CVD synthesis of CNT aerogel. Chem Eng J 314:388–395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.11.157

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Iijima S (1991) Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. Nature 354:56–58. https://doi.org/10.1038/354056a0

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Jia YL, Lin YH, Ma Y, Shi WB (2018) Hierarchical MnS2–MoS2 nanotubes with efficient electrochemical performance for energy storage. Mater Des 160:1071–1079. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2018.10.031

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Journet C, Bernier P (1998) Production of carbon nanotubes. Appl Phys A Mater Sci Process 67:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003390050731

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Kashi MB, Aghababazadeh R, Arabi H, Mirhabibi A (2016) Synthesis of high-quility single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes on Fe/Mgo catalysts. Nanomater Nanotechnol 6:38. https://doi.org/10.5772/64030

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Kong FJ, Tao S, Qian B, Gao L (2018) Multiwalled carbon nanotube-modified Nb2O5 with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. Ceram Int 44:23226–23231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.08.004

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Kuzmin A, Mironova N (1998) Composition dependence of the lattice parameter in NicMg1−cO solid solutions. J Phys Condens Matter 10:7937–7944. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/10/36/004

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Li S, Zhang YM, Huang JG (2019) Three-dimensional TiO2 nanotubes immobilized with Fe2O3 nanoparticles as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 783:793–800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.12.371

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Lin JH, Zhong ZX, Wang HH, Zheng XH, Wang YH, Qi JL, Cao J, Fei WD, Huang YD, Feng JC (2018) Rational constructing free-standing Se doped nickel-cobalt sulfides nanotubes as battery-type electrode for high-performance supercapattery. J Power Sources 407:6–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.10.046

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Liu JH, Liu JY, Yang LB, Chen X, Zhang MY, Meng FL, Luo T, Li MQ (2009) Nanomaterial-assisted signal enhancement of hybridization for DNA biosensors: a review. Sensors 9:7343–7364. https://doi.org/10.3390/s90907343

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Liu YZ, Guo LR, Huang HY, Dou JB, Huang Q, Gan DF, Chen JY, Li YX, Zhang XY, Wei Y (2019) Facile preparation of magnetic composites based on carbon nanotubes: utilization for removal of environmental pollutants. J Colloid Interface Sci 545:8–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.03.009

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Maziar N, Hamed S, Ali AP (2017) Aluminum nitride nanotubes. Chem Pap 71:881–893. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-016-0015-5

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Mohamed NM, Irshad MI, Abdullah MZ, Saheed MS (2016) Novel growth of carbon nanotubes on nickel nanowires. Diamond Relat Mater 65:59–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2016.01.026

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Pang JB, Bachmatiuk A, Ibrahim I, Fu L, Placha D, Martynkova GS, Trzebicka B, Gemming T, Eckert J, Rummeli MH (2016) CVD growth of 1D and 2D sp 2 carbon nanomaterials. J Mater Sci 51:640–667. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-9440-z

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Polyakov AY, Kozlov DA, Lebedev VA, Chumakov RG, Frolov AS, Yashina LV, Rumyantseva MN, Goodilin EA (2018) Gold decoration and photoresistive response to nitrogen dioxide of WS2 nanotubes. Chem Eur J 24:18952–18962. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201803502

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Shah KA, Tali BA (2016) Synthesis of carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition: a review on carbon sources, catalysts and substrates. Mater Sci Semicond Process 41:67–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.08.013

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Slattery AD, Shearer CJ, Gibson CT, Shapter JG, Lewis DA, Stapleton AJ (2016) Carbon nanotubes modified probes for stable and high sensitivity conductive atomic force microscopy. Nanotechnology 27:475708. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/27/47/475708

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  24. Sun YN, Yun KN, Leti G, Lee SH, Song YH, Lee CJ (2017) High-performance field emission of carbon nanotube paste emitters fabricated using graphite nanopowder filler. Nanotechnology 28:065201. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aa523e

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  25. Sun P, Wang RJ, Wang Q, Wang HW, Wang XF (2019) Uniform MoS2 nanolayer with sulfur vacancy on carbon nanotube networks as binder-free electrodes for asymmetrical supercapacitor. Appl Surf Sci 475:793–802. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.007

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Tessonnier JP, Su DS (2011) Recent progress on the growth mechanism of carbon nanotubes: a review. Chemsuschem 4:824–847. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201100175

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  27. Thess A, Lee RP, Nikolaev HJ, Dai P, Petit J, Robert CH (1996) Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes. Science 273:483–487. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.273.5274.483

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Tsai MC, Lin GT, Chiu HT, Lee CY (2008) Synthesis of zirconium dioxide nanotubes, nanowires, and nanocables by concentration dependent solution deposition. J Nanopart Res 10:863–869. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-007-9308-5

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Wang HL, Casalongue HS, Liang YY, Dai HJ (2010) Ni(OH)2 nanoplates grown on graphene as advanced electrochemical pseudocapacitor materials. J Am Chem Soc 132:7472–7477. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja102267j

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Wang BB, Li F, Wang XJ, Wang G, Wang H, Bai JT (2019a) Mn3O4 nanotubes encapsulated by porous graphene sheets with enhanced electrochemical properties for lithium/sodium-ion batteries. Chem Eng J 364:57–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.01.155

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Wang RN, Chen SB, Ng YH, Gao QZ, Yang SY, Zhang SQ, Peng F, Fang YP, Zhang SS (2019b) ZnO/CdS/PbS nanotube arrays with multi-heterojunctions for efficient visible-light-driven photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution. Chem Eng J 362:658–666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.01.073

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Wu DH, Lu GH, Yao JJ, Zhou C, Liu FL, Liu JC (2019a) Adsorption and catalytic electro-peroxone degradation of fluconazole by magnetic copper ferrite/carbon nanotubes. Chem Eng J 370:409–419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.03.192

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Wu M, Yang EQ, Qi XS, Xie R, Bai ZC, Qin SJ, Zhou W, Du YW (2019b) Constructing different categories of heterostructured magnetic nanoparticles@carbon nanotubes-reduced graphene oxide, and their tunable excellent microwave absorption capabilities. J Alloys Compd 785:1126–1136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.01.272

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Xiang X, Zhang L, Hima HI, Li F, Evans DG (2009) Co-based catalysts from Co/Fe/Al layered double hydroxies for preparation of carbon nanotubes. Appl Clay Sci 42:405–409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2008.04.004

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Yuan CH, Jiang J, Wang DC, Hu YH, Liu MH (2019) In situ growth of chiral gold nanoparticles in confined silica nanotube. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 19:2789–2793. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.16027

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  36. Zhang HR, Sun XW, Heng ZG, Chen Y, Zou HW, Liang M (2018) Robust and flexible cellulose nanofiber/multiwalled carbon nanotube film for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding. Ind Eng Chem Res 57:17152–17160. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.8b04573

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Zhang S, Chen F, Chi YC, Dan ZH, Qin FX (2019) Non-enzymatic electrochemical glucose sensor based on Ti–Cu–O nanotubes prepared from TiCu amorphous alloy. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 19:3825–3831. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.16873

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  38. Zhou W, Han Z, Wang J, Zhang Y, Jin Z, Sun Z, Zhang Y, Yan C, Li Y (2006) Copper catalyzing growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes on substrates. Nano Lett 6:2987–2990. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061871v

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the Key Research Project of Universities in Henan Province (No. 18B610004) and Henan Provincial Science and Technology Plan Project (No. 182102210334).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yong Cao.

Ethics declarations

Conflicts of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cao, Y., Wang, Y., Dong, Z. et al. Synthesis of a magnetic core–shell carbon nanotube@MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotube composite. Chem. Pap. 74, 175–182 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-019-00867-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • MgNi2FeO4.5 nanotubes
  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Magnetic property