Skip to main content

Recovery of nickel from electroplating wastewater with a new extractant

Abstract

Nickel is one of the most important strategic metals. With the depletion of high-grade nickel sulfide ores, electroplating wastewater as a kind of secondary resources, its utilization has great significance in nickel recycling industries. A novel extractant, [(2-ethyl-hexylamino)-pyridin-4-yl-methyl]-phosphonic acid diethyl ester (L) was synthesized and used with D2EHPA (di-2-ethyl-hexyl phosphoric acid) to extract and recover nickel from simulation electroplating wastewater. The optimum conditions were determined by single-stage extraction process, and the extraction efficiency and the selectivity of Ni could be greatly enhanced by synergistic binary mixture of L–D2EHPA system. The coordination mode of Ni-extracted complex was studied through the analysis of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was cued that Ni ions might be coordinated with the N atom from the pyridine ring of L and the O atom of P=O in D2EHPA. Moreover, hydrogen bonds between the O atom of P=O in D2EHPA and the H atom of water molecules might be formed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. Babu BR, Bhanu SU, Meera KS (2009) Waste minimization in electroplating industries: a review. J Environ Sci Health Pt C-Environ 27(3):155–177. https://doi.org/10.1080/10590500903124158

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Chen H, Hu L, Chen M, Wu L (2014) Nickel-cobalt layered double hydroxide nanosheets for high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials. Adv Funct Mater 24(7):934–942. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201301747

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Cheng C, Barnard KR, Zhang W, Zhu Z, Pranolo Y (2016) Recovery of nickel, cobalt, copper and zinc in sulphate and chloride solutions using synergistic solvent extraction. Chin J Chem Eng 24(2):237–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2015.06.002

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Coman V, Robotin B, Ilea P (2013) Nickel recovery/removal from industrial wastes: a review. Resour Conserv Recycl 73(2):229–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.01.019

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Contestabile M, Panero S, Scrosati B (2001) A laboratory-scale lithium-ion battery recycling process. J Power Sources 92(1):65–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(00)00523-1

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Domínguez A, Valero A, Valero A (2013) Exergy accounting applied to metallurgical systems: the case of nickel processing. Energy 62:37–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.03.089

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Guimarães AS, Mansur MB (2018) Selection of a synergistic solvent extraction system to remove calcium and magnesium from concentrated nickel sulfate solutions. Hydrometallurgy 175:250–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2017.12.001

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Gupta B, Deep A, Singh V, Tandon SN (2003) Recovery of cobalt, nickel, and copper from sea nodules by their extraction with alkylphosphines. Hydrometallurgy 70(1):121–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-386X(03)00052-5

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Jafari H, Abdollahi H, Gharabaghi M, Balesini AA (2018) Solvent extraction of zinc from synthetic Zn-Cd-Mn chloride solution using D2EHPA: optimization and thermodynamic studies. Sep Purif Technol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2018.01.020

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Kumbasar RA (2009) Selective extraction and concentration of cobalt from acidic leach solution containing cobalt and nickel through emulsion liquid membrane using PC-88A as extractant. Sep Purif Technol 64(3):273–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2008.10.011

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Li B, Liu F, Wang J, Chen L, Li L, Hou P, Li A, Bai Z (2012) Efficient separation and high selectivity for nickel from cobalt-solution by a novel chelating resin: batch, column and competition investigation. Chem Eng J 195–196(7):31–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.04.089

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Liu Y, Lee M (2013) Separation of cobalt and nickel from aqueous solution. J Korean Inst Resour Recycl 22(1):11–19

    Google Scholar 

  13. Mondal S, Kumar V, Sharma JN, Hubli RC, Suri AK (2012) Evaluation of n -octyl(phenyl)phosphinic acid (OPPA) as an extractant for separation of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) from sulphate solutions. Sep Purif Technol 89:66–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.01.015

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Okewole AI, Antunes E, Nyokong T, Tshentu ZR (2013) The development of novel nickel selective amine extractants: 2,2′-Pyridylimidazole functionalised chelating resin. Miner Eng 54:88–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2013.04.019

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Pinto ISS, Sadeghi SM, Soares HMVM (2015) Separation and recovery of nickel, as a salt, from an EDTA leachate of spent hydrodesulphurization catalyst using precipitation methods. Chem Eng Sci 122:130–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2014.09.012

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Preston JS (1994) The selective solvent extraction of cadmium by mixtures of carboxylic acids and trialkylphosphine sulphides. Part 1. The origin and scope of the synergistic effect. Hydrometallurgy 36:61–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-386X(94)90042-6

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Preston J, Preez AD (1995) The solvent extraction of nickel and cobalt by mixtures of carboxylic acids and pyridine carboxylate esters. Solv Extr Ion Exch 13(3):465–494. https://doi.org/10.1080/07366299508918286

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Ritcey G (2006) Solvent extraction in hydrometallurgy: present and future. Tsinghua Sci Technol 11(2):137–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1007-0214(06)70168-7

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Sulaiman RNR, Othman N (2017) Synergistic green extraction of nickel ions from electroplating waste via mixtures of chelating and organophosphorus carrier. J Hazard Mater 340:77–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.06.060

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Tanaka M, Alam S (2010) Solvent extraction equilibria of nickel from ammonium nitrate solution with LIX84I. Hydrometallurgy 105(1):134–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2010.08.009

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Wan NW, Hanafiah MA (2008) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: a review. Bioresour Technol 99(10):3935–3948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.011

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Wang RC, Lin YC, Wu SH (2009) A novel recovery process of metal values from the cathode active materials of the lithium-ion secondary batteries. Hydrometallurgy 99(3):194–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2009.08.005

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Wang F, He F, Zhao J, Sui N, Xu L, Liu H (2012) Extraction and separation of cobalt(II), copper(II) and manganese(II) by Cyanex272, PC-88A and their mixtures. Sep Purif Technol 93(3):8–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.03.018

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Xing P, Wang C, Ju Z, Li D, Yin F, Chen Y, Xu S, Yang Y (2012) Cobalt separation from nickel in sulfate aqueous solution by a new extractant: di-decylphosphinic acid (DDPA). Hydrometallurgy 113–114(3):86–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2011.12.005

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Yang X, Zhang Y, Bao S (2016) Separation and recovery of sulfuric acid from acidic vanadium leaching solution of stone coal via solvent extraction. J Environ Chem Eng 4(1):1399–1405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2015.11.038

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. Zhang Y, Zhang TA, Lv G, Zhang G, Liu Y, Zhang W (2016) Synergistic extraction of vanadium(IV) in sulfuric acid media using a mixture of D2EHPA and EHEHPA. Hydrometallurgy 166:87–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2016.09.003

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51374238).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zuoying Cao.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1614 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

He, D., Cao, Z., Zhang, G. et al. Recovery of nickel from electroplating wastewater with a new extractant. Chem. Pap. 73, 583–589 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-018-0616-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Electroplating wastewater
  • Synthesis
  • Synergistic extraction
  • Nickel
  • Mechanism