Dependence of morphology, substrate and thickness of iron phthalocyanine thin films on the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B dye Original Paper First Online: 05 April 2018 Received: 12 October 2017 Accepted: 15 March 2018 Abstract
The photocatalytic activity of thin film mainly depended on the morphology of thin film and lifetime of photo-generated charges. Here, we reported the effect of morphology adjusted through solvent vapor treatment (SVT) and different substrates on the photocatalytic activity of iron phthalocyanine (FePc) thin films. The FePc thin films on indium tin oxide (ITO) glass, copper (Cu), and quartz glass were prepared by vacuum evaporation, and their morphologies untreated and treated with solvent vapor such as benzene, petroleum ether,
N,N-dimethylformamide for different time intervals; time intervals (0, 24, 36, 48, 72 h) were characterized by ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffractometer. The effects of thickness and substrate on photocatalytic activity of the FePc thin film were characterized accordingly. SVT could effectively adjust morphology (nanorods and nanosheets) of the FePc thin film and improve its photocatalytic activity for Rhodamine B (RhB) degradation under visible light irradiation. In addition, the thickness (10, 20, and 50 nm) and substrate (ITO, Cu, Quartz glass) of the FePc thin film also affected its photocatalytic activity. The degradation rate of RhB with the optimized FePc thin film on ITO substrate was reached 70.0%. We proposed that the morphology treated by SVT could increase the active sites of the FePc thin film and further improve its photocatalytic activity. The thickness and substrate of the FePc thin film were also discussed. Keywords Photocatalyst Iron phthalocyanine Solvent vapor treatment Morphology Substrate Photocatalytic activity Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (
) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-018-0453-3 Notes Acknowledgements
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: 51173155 and 51472214), and the Colleges and Universities Science and Technology Research Project of Hebei Province (No: QN2016130).
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