Chemical Papers

, Volume 72, Issue 7, pp 1707–1718 | Cite as

Discrete dissociation model of photogenerated inter-chain charge transfer states in external electric field

  • Michal Jex
  • Miroslav Menšík
  • Petr Toman
  • Jiří Pfleger
Original Paper


A new theoretical model of photogeneration yield of free charge carriers on the electric field in π-conjugated polymers was introduced. It generalizes the model of Arkhipov et al. (Chem Phys Lett 372:886–892, 2003a) where the dissociation of the inter-chain charge transfer states is controlled by a thermally activated transition from the lowest quantum state over a potential barrier. Contrary to the previous model based on the effective mass approximation, the new model determines the potential and transfer integrals between HOMO orbitals, using quantum chemical methods. The model successfully explained experimental dependences of photogenerated charge yield in poly{1-[4-(trimethylsilyl)phenyl]-2-phenylacetylene} exhibiting a strong sensitivity on electric field strength over a very large interval. This indicates the model applicability for estimation of fill factor in solar cells. The model was found stable toward various distributions of charge transfer states (on-chain delocalization, charge transfer to side groups, helix structure, etc.) and tunneling effects behind potential barrier.

Graphical abstract


π-Conjugated polymers Charge carrier photogeneration Photoconductivity Inter-chain charge transfer states Charge transfer state dissociation 



This work was financially supported by the Project no. COST LTC 17029 (under the EU COST MP1406 ACTION) of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic and by the Projects no. 15-05095S and no. 17-03984S of the Czech Science Foundation.

Supplementary material

11696_2018_449_MOESM1_ESM.docx (951 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 950 kb)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institut für AnalysisKarlsruher Institut für TechnologieKarlsruheGermany

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