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Chemical Papers

, Volume 72, Issue 4, pp 1031–1040 | Cite as

Photocatalytic efficiency of ZnAl-layered double hydroxide on degradation of a cationic dye under UV and solar radiation

  • Hassiba Bessaha
  • Charef Harrats
  • Mohamed Bouraada
  • Louis Charles Deménorval
Original Paper
  • 93 Downloads

Abstract

UV and solar radiation photocatalytic degradation of basic dye Rhodamine B (RhB) using ZnAl-layered double hydroxide photocatalyst was investigated. ZnAl-layered double hydroxide (ZA4-HT) with a molar ratio of 4:1 was synthesized from zinc and aluminum salts by co-precipitation methods, followed by heat treatment at 500 °C (CZA4). Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that after heat treatment of ZA4-HT, the pristine structure collapsed resulting in ZnO particles and ZnAl2O4 spinel. The discoloration rate of RhB was lower than 8% through direct photolysis. The calcined ZA4-HT showed high photocatalytic efficiency with a discoloration rate of about 100% after 90 min exposure time to UV or sunlight radiation. The optimal catalyst loading was found to be 1 g/L and the discoloration time increased with the dye concentration. The photodiscoloration and the photodegradation kinetics data were described by pseudo-first-order and Langmuir–Hinshelwood models. The reusability study of the calcined material showed a stable efficiency after four successive uses.

Keywords

Cationic dyes Langmuir–Hinshelwood model Layered double hydroxides Photocatalytic degradation UV irradiation ZnO particles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge help from the technical staff of Laboratory AIME-UMR, University Montpellier 2 (France) in XRD, SEM, BET, TG/DTA and FT-IR spectral measurements. This work was financially supported by the National Research Program (PNR). We would like to thank all the co-workers cited in the references below for their valuable contributions to the work described here.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassiba Bessaha
    • 1
  • Charef Harrats
    • 2
  • Mohamed Bouraada
    • 1
  • Louis Charles Deménorval
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de valorisation des matériaux, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et de l’InformatiqueUniversité de MostaganemMostaganemAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée (LAC)DGRSDT, Ctr Univ Bouchaib Belhadj Ain Temouchent BP/284Ain TemouchentAlgeria
  3. 3.ICG–AIME–UMR 5253, Université Montpellier 2Montpellier Cedex 05France

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