VOx/Zr–SBA-15 catalysts for selective oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde
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Effect of zirconium presence in the silica framework and content and speciation of vanadium surface oxo-complexes on the catalytic behavior of VOx/Zr–SBA-15 catalysts in oxidative dehydrogenation of ethanol was investigated. Experimental results bring evidence of successful incorporation of zirconium into ordered mesoporous silica framework with the preservation of ordered mesoporosity by hydrothermal template base synthesis method. The presence of zirconium in the SBA-15 framework increases reducibility of vanadium species and acidity of the catalysts. It is reflected in higher activity of vanadium species expressed as turn-over frequency (e.g., TOF of 20 h−1 for 5%VOx/Zr–SBA-15 sample in comparison with TOF of 12 h−1 for 5%VOx/SBA-15 sample) and also in significant decrease of selectivity to acetaldehyde (65% in comparison with 90% for mentioned samples) followed by increase in selectivity to ethylene (25% in comparison with 5%). This change in distribution of reaction products is related to stronger acidity character of surface OH groups and inhibition effect of formed water vapours on the oxidative dehydrogenation products (acetaldehyde). Catalytic data also reveal that oligomeric/polymeric tetrahedrally coordinated vanadium species exhibit higher activity in ethanol oxidative dehydrogenation than monomeric complexes. In addition, comparison of the catalytic performance of VOx/Zr–SBA-15 catalysts with VOx/SBA-15 catalysts showed that catalytic properties of VOx/Zr–SBA-15 catalysts can be tuned by incorporation of controlled amount of zirconium into silica framework.
KeywordsMesoporous Silica Oxidative dehydrogenation Ethanol Zirconia Acetaldehyde
A financial support of the Czech Science Foundation GA CR under Project No. P106/15-19780S is highly acknowledged. In addition, we would like to thank Veronika Podzemná from Center of Materials and Nanotechnology of University of Pardubice for measurement of the SEM images.
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