The use of one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is rapidly spreading. Concerns about biliary reflux and malabsorption with consequent nutritional deficits exist, so studies on biliopancreatic limb (BPL) adequate length in OAGB are required to balance excess weight loss in percentage (% EWL), resolution of comorbidities, and nutritional deficit. The purpose was to evaluate, at 2 years after OAGB, the effects of BPL length on weight loss, resolution of comorbidity, and nutritional deficiencies in patients.
From January 2015 to January 2017, 180 patients were collected into three groups based BPL length: group A, 150 cm; group B, 180 cm; and group C, 200 cm. Aims were to compare %EWL, co-morbidity resolution rates, nutritional parameters, and morbidity/mortality in the three groups.
The total number of patients was 180: 60 for each group. One hundred seventy-two (95%) patients attended the 1-year follow-up (group A = 58; group B = 58, group C = 56). One hundred fifty-seven (87%) patients attended the 2-year follow-up (group A = 52 (87%); group B = 53 (88%); group C = 52 (87%)). There was no statistically significant difference in %EWL, %TWL, T2DM, and hypertension resolution rates among the groups. About vitamin deficiency, differences were not statistically significant. Iron and ferritin deficiency rate were statistically significant only between A and C groups.
According to our evidence, standardization of BPL length shorter than 200 cm is suggested, potentially minimizing malnutrition-related outcomes. Our study seems to show that a BPL of 150–180 cm is safe and effective in terms of EWL and comorbidity improvement with low malnutrition effects even in BMI > 50.
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Pizza, F., Lucido, F.S., D’Antonio, D. et al. Biliopancreatic Limb Length in One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass: Which Is the Best?. OBES SURG 30, 3685–3694 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04687-x
- One anastomosis gastric bypass
- Obesity surgery
- Nutritional deficiencies