Expedited Biliopancreatic Juice Flow to the Distal Gut Benefits the Diabetes Control After Duodenal-Jejunal Bypass
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Serum bile acids (BAs) are elevated after metabolic surgeries including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), ileal transposition (IT), and duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB). Recently, BAs have emerged as a kind of signaling molecules, which can not only promote glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion but can also regulate multiple enzymes involved in glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate whether expedited biliopancreatic juice flow to the distal gut contributes to the increased serum GLP-1 and BAs and benefits the diabetes control after DJB.
DJB, long alimentary limb DJB (LDJB), duodenal-jejunal anastomosis (DJA), and sham operation were performed in diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and low dose of streptozotocin (STZ). Body weight, food intake, oral glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, glucose-stimulated insulin and GLP-1 secretion, fasting serum total bile acids (TBAs), and lipid profiles were measured at indicated time points.
Compared with sham operation, DJA, DJB, and LDJB all achieved rapid and dramatic improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity independently of food restriction and weight loss. DJB and LDJB-operated rats exhibited even better glucose tolerance, higher fasting serum TBAs, and higher glucose-stimulated GLP-1 secretion than the DJA group postoperatively. No difference was detected in insulin sensitivity and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion between DJA, DJB, and LDJB groups.
Expedited biliopancreatic juice flow to the distal gut was associated with augmented GLP-1 secretion and increased fasting serum TBA concentration, which may partly explain the metabolic benefits of DJB.
KeywordsDuodenal-jejunal bypass Type 2 diabetes mellitus Bile acids Glucagon-like peptide-1 Insulin
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81270888/H0713, no. 81370496/H0308, no. 81300286/H0308), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province grants (no. ZR2009CM051), and the Taishan Scholar Foundation.
Conflict of Interest
We declare that all authors have no conflict of interest.
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