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Mid-term Effects of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Calcium Metabolism Parameters, Vitamin D and Parathormone (PTH) in Morbid Obese Women

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Abstract

Background

Despite routine supplementation of vitamins and minerals after bariatric surgery, an important number of patients suffer from deficiencies. Little is still known about the novel restrictive procedure, sleeve gastrectomy.

Methods

A retrospective study of 30 morbidly obese patients undergoing a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, between May 2008 and September 2010, was performed. Baseline albumin, ferritin, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, parathormone (PTH), vitamin B12, and folic acid were obtained before operation and postoperative determinations 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery.

Results

Before surgery, 96.7% of the patients presented vitamin D deficiency, 20% had elevated PTH, 3.3% hypoalbuminemia, and 3.3% folic acid deficiency. One year after surgery, only one patient (3.3%) presented vitamin D deficiency and had elevated PTH. The rest of parameters were within normal range. The second year after surgery, the results remain similar. A significant difference was obtained when comparing preoperative vitamin D values and postoperative determinations 12 months after surgery (increasement of 51.9 ng/dl, 95% confidence interval (CI) (41.8–61.3); p < 0.001). A significant difference was determined when comparing preoperative PTH values and postoperative determinations 3 months after surgery (decreasement of 16.6 pg/ml, 95% CI (2.6–30.6); p = 0.03). A significant inverse correlation was observed between weight loss and vitamin D increasement at the third month after surgery (Pearson correlation coefficient −0.948; p = 0.033).

Conclusions

Postoperative values of vitamin D show a progressive increasement, while PTH ones present a significant reduction, without any impact on serum calcium levels. We have demonstrated an inverse correlation between weight loss and vitamin D increasement at the third month after surgery.

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Conflict of Interests

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interests in the preparation of this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jaime Ruiz-Tovar.

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Ruiz-Tovar, J., Oller, I., Tomas, A. et al. Mid-term Effects of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Calcium Metabolism Parameters, Vitamin D and Parathormone (PTH) in Morbid Obese Women. OBES SURG 22, 797–801 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-011-0582-z

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