Simultaneous Gastric and Colic Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band Migration. Complication of Bariatric Surgery
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Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a minimally invasive treatment for morbid obesity, which has proved its safety, efficiency, and reversibility. Postoperative complications are rare and might be related with the reservoir, connecting tube, or with the band itself. The lack or unspecificity of clinical signs and symptoms makes the diagnosis of gastric band erosion difficult. The authors present the case of a 54-year-old female, submitted to laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in April 2004 (BMI = 40 kg/m2). During the first year, she reduced her body mass index to 30 and remained stable thereafter. In August 2008, while investigating a moderate colicky abdominal pain, she was submitted to a colonoscopy that showed part of the band inside the transverse colon. Two exams were performed: the abdominal CT scan, which showed the connecting tube inside the transverse colon lumen and the lap band which was apparently well positioned around the stomach, and an upper digestive endoscopy that revealed band migration to the stomach lumen. The patient underwent laparoscopic band removal and closure of both stomach and colon walls, thus treating the fistula. LAGB erosion and migration is a late complication of this surgery that frequently needs surgical removal. LAGB migration to colon or stomach is described in literature isolated. Simultaneous erosion to stomach and colon lumen, with a gastrocolic fistula formation, has never been described before, making this case a unique one.
KeywordsLaparoscopic adjustable gastric banding Bariatric surgery Complication Fistula
The authors would like to thank Eng. Carlos Lima for all help and support in the preparation of this paper.
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