Obesity Surgery

, Volume 18, Issue 11, pp 1485–1488 | Cite as

Prevention of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies After Bariatric Surgery: Evidence and Algorithms

  • Dave H. SchweitzerEmail author
  • Eduardus F. Posthuma


Bariatric surgery is widely accepted as first-choice treatment of morbid obesity and has also shown promising results in the treatment of diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. The number of operations each year is increasing, as well as, consequently, the urgent need for a coordinated nutritional approach, as micronutrient deficiencies occur frequently in these patients. Official guidelines on chronic use of multivitamins and minerals are, yet, unavailable in bariatric medicine. The current review provides an algorithm that supports bariatric teams to guarantee adequate nutrition after the operation.


Algorithms Bariatric surgery Minerals Vitamins 



We are greatly indebted to Mrs. Nienke ten Hoor-Aukema and Niki van den Doel, nutritionists, and Mrs. Myra Danielson for the pieces of advice in writing this review. There is no commercial interest in the content of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine and EndocrinologyHospital Reinier de Graaf GroepVoorburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine and HematologyHospital Reinier de Graaf GroepVoorburgThe Netherlands

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