In-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities of pumpkin, quince, muskmelon and bottle gourd seeds

  • Tawheed Amin
  • H. R. Naik
  • Syed Zameer Hussain
  • Abida Jabeen
  • Monika Thakur
Original Paper
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

Ethanol and chloroform extracts of pumpkin, quince, muskmelon, and bottle gourd seeds were studied for in-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Crude protein and fat contents of all the seeds compared favorably with high protein legumes and high oil containing oilseeds. Ethanol and chloroform extracts of bottle gourd seeds had highest phenolic content. A direct positive relationship between antioxidant activities and extract concentration was observed with the relationship being more pronounced in chloroform extract of quince seeds (R2 = 0.9685 and 0.9829) followed by ethanol extract of pumpkin seeds (R2 = 0.9666 and 0.9685) as per 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) method, respectively. Seed extracts were also studied for in-vitro antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhii, Enterococcus sp., Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Ethanol extract of pumpkin seeds inhibited the growth of all bacteria; however, both the extracts of quince seeds did not show any activity against S. typhii, E. coli and S. aureus.

Keywords

Antioxidants Phenols Phytochemical screening In-vitro antioxidant activity In-vitro antibacterial 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are highly grateful to the Department of Food Technology, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, J&K for providing the laboratory facilities as and when required for carrying out some part of the research work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divison of Food Science and TechnologySher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Kashmir, Shalimar CampusSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Food TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Food TechnologyIslamic University of Science and TechnologyAwantiporaIndia

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